(covers information from several alternate timelines)
A bathroom, also known as a restroom, waste extraction, toilet facility, or the head, is a room that generally contains a toilet, and may also contain any of the following: sink, shower/sonic shower or a bath tub. These fixtures are then connected to a sewage and waste reclamation system where they are recycled.
In 2255 of an alternate reality, Leonard McCoy sought shelter in the shuttle Bardeen's windowless bathroom in response to his aviophobia. An officer later escorted McCoy, despite his protestations, to a seat. (Star Trek)
In 2364, a series of malfunctions aboard the USS Enterprise-D – which were caused by a microbrain from Velara III – included locking two crew members in the head programmers' restroom. (TNG: "Home Soil")
Background information Edit
Head can also refer to a toilet in the bathroom, although this term was used in Star Trek: The Next Generation USS Enterprise NCC-1701-D Blueprints and not any canon productions.
According to the Star Trek: The Next Generation USS Enterprise NCC-1701-D Blueprints, the door in Jean-Luc Picard's ready room led to a bathroom. The blueprints also referred to the bathrooms as both "toilets" and "heads".
The main bridge of the USS Enterprise-D featured a bathroom just off the doors leading to the observation lounge. In the authorized re-creation of the main bridge in Star Trek: The Experience at the Las Vegas Hilton, the inscription on the doors read "HEAD". The head was visible in a few episodes, but while the doorway was initially labelled CONFERENCE in "Gambit, Part II", it was relabelled HEAD by "Emergence". In addition, in episodes throughout the seventh season, multiple crew members can be seen simultaneously entering the bridge via the head. It is unclear how many toilets are available for use in the head on the main bridge.
According to Jonathan Frakes during the "Journey's End: The Saga of Star Trek: The Next Generation" special in 1994, the Enterprise-D had only one bathroom and he proceeded to point to it on the large cross-section of the Enterprise-D in the main engineering set.