Thoron radiation was a type of radiation with many uses. It was used primarily as a method of interfering with sensors and transporter systems (DS9: "Emissary", "The Way of the Warrior"; VOY: "Basics, Part II", "The Cloud"), seen as a byproduct of alien appearances (DS9: "If Wishes Were Horses"; VOY: "Sacred Ground"), used for medical purposes (VOY: "Basics, Part II", "Flashback") and used as a basis for weaponry (although it can result in instability in the weapon). (VOY: "Retrospect", "Warlord")
Antithorons can be generated on a large scale by Template:ShipClass starships and have been used both to interfere with force fields and decontaminate planetary crusts prior to mining. (VOY: "Hunters", "Tattoo") Thoron radiation may also hinder transporter operations, presumably by interfering with sensor readings.