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Latin language

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Latin (lingua latina) was an ancient Human language spoken by the Romans in the Antiquity. It was also the official language of the Romans. With time Latin evolved to several other languages, such as Italian, Spanish, French and Romanian. More than half of the vocabulary of the English language has its origin from French and Latin.

Species native to Earth were given both a Latin name and a common name. (Star Trek IV: The Voyage Home)

Many Earth proverbs were in Latin and were often used as mottos of starships or installations. A course based on this language was taught at Starfleet Academy. (TNG: "The Game")

When Wesley Crusher was on leave from Starfleet Academy, Captain Jean-Luc Picard checked on his Latin by asking him:

"Quomodo tua Latinitas est?" ([ˈkʷoːmɔdɔ ˈtuːa laˈtiːnɪtas ɛst]; "How is your Latin?")

Wesley responded:

"Praestat quam prius." ([ˈprajstat kʷam ˈpriːʊs]; "It's better than before.")

whereupon the Captain responded:

"Oppido bonum." ([ˈɔpɪdɔ ˈboːnʊm]; "Very good.") (TNG: "The Game")

The term arboretum was derived from the Latin word for tree, arbor ([ˈarbɔr]). This connection was noted by the Cairn Hedril in 2370. (TNG: "Dark Page")

Q remembered Vash was called persona non grata ([pɛrˈsoːna nɔn ˈgraːta]), meaning "an unthankful person", on Betazed. (DS9: "Q-Less")

The holographic Henry Burleigh advised his governess Lucille Davenport, played by Captain Kathryn Janeway: "In ullam rem ne properemus" ([ɪn ʊllam rɛm nɛ prɔpɛˈr eː mʊs]; "Let's not rush into anything"), and asked her whether her Latin was a little rusty when the Captain didn't understand his remark. Janeway admitted that her Latin was indeed a little rusty. (VOY: "Learning Curve")

Phrase Translation Application Citation
Ad Astra per Aspera "Reach for the Stars Through Adversity" Earth Starfleet, 2161 ENT: "These Are the Voyages..."
Audentes fortuna iuvat "Fortune favors the bold" Columbia NX-02 ENT: "Home", "Affliction", "Divergence"
Audentes Fortuna Imperii "The bold (are) the fortune of the empire ISS Avenger ENT: "In a Mirror, Darkly, Part II"
Caveat emptor "Let the buyer beware" Applied to the Ferengi Alliance tactics by Data  TNG: "The Last Outpost"
Ex luna scientia "From the moon, knowledge" NASA ENT: "First Flight"
Ex astris scientia "From the stars, knowledge" Starfleet Academy TNG: "The First Duty"
Inter Arma Enim Silent Leges  "In time of war, the law falls silent" Applied to Section 31 tactics by William Ross DS9: "Inter Arma Enim Silent Leges"
Res Gesta Per Excellentiam "Achievement through excellence" NASA ENT: "First Flight"
Tempus fugit "Time Flees" or "Time Flies" Spoken by Ducane VOY: "Relativity"

Appendices Edit

Background information Edit

Several episode titles derive from Latin phrases including:

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