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Starfleet uniform (mid 2270s)

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The crew of the Enterprise, 2270s

The crew of the starship Enterprise in uniform

In the mid 2270s, a new Starfleet uniform design was introduced over the previous design, with many different variations. Most were gray, white, brown or beige, and came either in a one-piece jumpsuit or with matching trousers and tops.

These uniforms bore rank insignia on the sleeve or on shoulder tabs. The arrowhead emblem was adopted as Starfleet's overall insignia and was worn on the chest by shipboard personnel and flag officers. Base personnel, like those on Epsilon IX, continued to wear duty badges unique to their assigned base.

Distinctive features of this period included a life support monitor belt buckle (non-canonically named the perscan device) and shoes attached to the trousers. This style of uniform was phased out by 2278. (Star Trek: The Motion Picture; TNG: "Cause and Effect")

Department color code

These uniforms indicated department by a colored circle behind the assignment patch, according to this code:

Command DivisionSciences Division, scientific research and technical branchesSciences Division, medical branchOperations Division, engineering and maintenance branchesOperations Division, communications branch; Command Division, helm and navigation branchesOperations Division, security and services branchesTMP Insignias SM
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Starfleet insignia with color codes

Standard duty uniform

Tunic

The standard Starfleet uniform was a two-piece tunic that came in a blue-grey, beige, brown, or white color; including any combination of. The tunic was worn untucked, and had a life support monitor belt buckle. Rank insignia was worn as sleeve stripes, and an assignment patch showing a division color was attached to the tunic chest.

This tunic came with three variations of collars. The standard was a low flat collar, but there was also a v-necked flared collar version. The standard version could also be worn with a higher, more formal collar.

The higher collar worn by Spock looks to be from the same undershirt he wore with his Vulcan robes when he came aboard the Enterprise, suggesting he may have simply put his uniform on over it.

Short sleeved tunic

Starfleet short sleeved uniform, mid 2270s

James T. Kirk, in a captain's white duty tunic

A short sleeved version of the standard tunic was also available. This tunic featured either a low V-neck collar, or flared V-neck. Rank was shown by division color epaulets, and a division color assignment patch was attached to the tunic chest. The V-neck tunics were available in same colors as the standard uniform.

Jumpsuit

Starfleet jumpsuits, mid 2270s

Starfleet jumpsuits

The duty jumpsuit was a one-piece uniform with integrated footwear, all one color. Rank was shown on the division color epaulets, and a division color assignment patch was attached to the chest. Some of these jumpsuits had large pockets located on the thigh.

Wraparound tunic

Starfleet wraparound tunic, mid 2270s

Sulu in a wraparound tunic

Crewmembers performing maintenance operations had the option of wearing a wraparound tunic. Its function is similar to the duty jumpsuits of the previous uniform style, and like those jumpsuits, it is worn with a black undershirt.

Flag officer uniform

James Kirk, 2270s

James T. Kirk, in a rear admiral's uniform

The flag officer uniform was a two-piece tunic with dark gray pants and a white and dark gray flared shirt, with a high collar. Rank was shown by both epaulets and sleeve stripes, and a gold Starfleet Command pin was worn on the chest.

Rear Admiral James T. Kirk wore this type of uniform in his assignment at Starfleet Headquarters on Earth, when he was Chief of Starfleet Operations.

Kirk's uniform was originally the model intended be worn by all cast members. The director, Robert Wise, wanted a more monochromatic look, resulting in the several versions seen on screen. The actual color of this uniform is closer to a loden green than a grey, with white accents.
In the alternate reality, by 2258 admirals wore a uniform similar to this (though with white pants). In the book Star Trek - The Art of the Film, Star Trek costume designer Michael Kaplan stated that the resemblance was intentional.


Excursion jacket

Starfleet excursion jacket, mid 2270s

Will Decker in an excursion jacket


Body armor

Perez

Security body armor, c 2270s

Starship and base security personnel wore body armor complete with helmets.

Engineering attire

Engineering tunic

Cleary

Cleary in an engineering tunic


Engineering suit

Enterprise engineer 1, mid 2270s

An engineer in an engineering suit


Protective suit

Enterprise engineer 2, mid 2270s

An engineer in a protective suit


Medical attire

Medical tunic

Starfleet medical tunic, mid 2270s

Dr. McCoy in his medical tunic

For use in the medical department, a white tunic with a flared collar was used, with a medical green caduceus in place of the assignment patch.

Patient attire

Spock in sickbay, 2270s

Spock wearing the standard patient attire

Patients in Starfleet sickbays wore a loose fitting white tunic with a hood like flared collar, the interior of which was orange. This was worn with white pants with prominent closers running all the way down to the ankle.

EV suits

Pressure suit

Pressure suits, mid 2270s

Pressure suits hanging in their alcoves


Thruster suit

Thruster suit (detached)

A thruster suit after jettisoning the thruster

A thruster suit was an environmental suit with the addition of a thruster pack attached to the back.

Civilian tunic

Starfleet civilian tunic, mid 2270s

A belted tunic worn by civilians

This uniform was worn by civilians during the refit of the USS Enterprise while it was in drydock. They were available in the same colors as the standard Starfleet uniforms.

This uniform was worn by extras in the background on the bridge and in the rec room before the Enterprise departed drydock. The assertion that they are civilian uniforms comes from the lack of any Starfleet insignia and that they were absent on extras after the ship departed. The extras who wore these uniforms also considered themselves civilians.


Examples of rank insignia

Sleeve insignia
Tmp po
Petty officer
Tmp chief
Chief petty officer
Tos ltjg
Ensign
Tos lt
Lieutenant
Tos lcdr
Lieutenant commander
Tos cmdr
Commander
Tos capt
Captain
Tmp radm-epaulet
Tmp radm
Rear admiral
Epaulette insignia
STTMPRankBoards
This chart represents the rank insignia seen on screen throughout these uniforms' appearance. Production notes indicated that the rank of Lieutenant junior grade might not have been in use during this period. Enlisted ranks apparently had no insignia. No commodore, vice admiral, admiral, or fleet admiral were seen, and any insignia is conjectural.

Appendices

Background information

Overall, these uniforms were only used in Star Trek: The Motion Picture, though parts of them were recycled into the lab coats of the Regula personnel in Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan and the red jacket uniforms seen in the next six films and episodes of TNG.

Robert Fletcher designed the uniforms and insignia seen throughout the movies. The Enterprise insignia and rank system were originally designed by William Ware Theiss.

George Takei stated that this version of the uniform was not comfortable, and that because of the way it was designed it required assistance to be removed – even for minor things such as using the restroom. He stated that the redesigned uniform featured in the rest of the films with the original series cast was brought about because of the cast's reluctance to film any further films with this version of the uniform.

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