The Starfleet Academy Board was an assembly of Starfleet officers responsible for deliberating and ultimately passing judgment on important issues regarding the student body.
In 2258, the Academy board was headed by Admiral Richard Barnett. In that year, the board called cadet James T. Kirk to account for his actions in covertly installing and activating a subroutine into the programming code of the Kobayashi Maru exam, altering the conditions of the test making it possible to win. Kirk was placed on academic suspension pending the board's ruling, although this was ultimately delayed due to the attack on the planet Vulcan. Later, subsequent to Kirk's valiant actions in stopping the Romulan Nero from destroying Earth, the board voted to promote Kirk to the rank of captain, and directed him to report to newly promoted Admiral Christopher Pike, for duty as Pike's relief as commanding officer of the USS Enterprise. (Star Trek)