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'''Section 31''' is a rogue agency within [[Starfleet]] that operates in the name of the security of the [[Federation]].
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{{at|xx}}
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[[File:Section 31 operatives.jpg|thumb|Section 31 operatives in 2374]]
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{{aquote|Interesting, isn't it? The Federation claims to abhor Section 31's tactics, but when they need the dirty work done, they look the other way. It's a tidy little arrangement, wouldn't you say?|Odo|2375|The Dogs of War}}
   
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'''Section 31''' was the name of an officially-nonexistent and autonomous clandestine organization which claimed to protect the security interests of [[United Earth]] and later the [[United Federation of Planets]].
   
==Known History ==
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== History ==
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=== 22nd century ===
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The organization's title came from the original [[Starfleet Charter]], Article 14, Section 31, which allowed for extraordinary measures to be taken in times of extreme threat. At some point before [[2151]], a young [[Ensign]] [[Malcolm Reed]] was recruited by Section 31 through former [[Starfleet Security]] officer [[Harris (Section 31)|Harris]]. By the time Reed was posted to {{EnterpriseNX}}, he was no longer actively involved in covert operations.
   
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[[File:Harris Section 31.jpg|left|thumb|Harris]]
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However, in late [[2154]], when Reed was investigating the kidnapping of [[Doctor]] [[Phlox]], he was contacted by Harris again. Harris' organization had entered into a secret agreement with [[Klingon]] [[Fleet Admiral]] [[Krell (22nd century)|Krell]], in which Harris facilitated Phlox's forcible transportation to a [[Qu'Vat colony|Klingon colony]] to help in finding a cure for the [[Klingon augment virus]] in exchange for a mutually beneficial alliance.
   
Section 31 attempted to recruit the genetically-enhanced chief medical officer of station [[Deep Space 9]], [[Julian Bashir]], in late [[2374]], after putting him through psychological testing on the [[holodeck]] of a ship to which he had been abducted. The commanding agent of that operation was a man known as [[Luther Sloan]], who described Section 31 as an autonomous agency created as part of the original [[Starfleet Charter]]. Bashir, appaled at the thought of an agency that is accountable to no one and violates the principles upon which the Federation was founded as a matter of course, rejected Sloan's offer, though Section 31 continued to regard him as an agent. ''(The use of the term "original" suggests, then, that Thirty-One's origins may go back as far as the [[Earth Starfleet]] of ''[[Enterprise (NX-01)|Enterprise]]''.)'' Bashir alerted the command staff of DS9, including his CO, [[Captain]] [[Benjamin Sisko]], and those members of the command staff who were officers in the [[Bajoran Militia]], Constable [[Odo]] and [[Major]] [[Kira Nerys]], of Thirty-One's existence and attempts to recruit him; Odo likened Thirty-One to the United Federation of Planet's equivalent of the [[Cardassian Union]]'s [[Obsidian Order]], or the [[Romulan Star Empire]]'s [[Tal Shiar]]—the Federation secret police. Sisko and Bashir planned to use any future contacts with Thirty-One as opportunities to expose the organization or to shut it down. ([[DS9]]: "[[Inquisition]]").
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Harris ordered Reed to slow down ''Enterprise''{{'}}s investigation until Phlox could develop a cure. Reed complied, but his tampering was discovered by [[Captain]] [[Jonathan Archer]] and [[Commander]] [[T'Pol]], and Reed was thrown in the [[brig]]. ({{ENT|Affliction}})
   
In late [[2375]], Agent Sloan appeared to Bashir again, assigning him to attempt to diagnose the health of [[Koval]], the Chairman of the [[Tal Shiar]], during an upcoming conference on [[Romulus]], the Federation's new ally in the war against the [[Dominion]]. In the course of his attempts to expose Thirty-One, Bashir discovered that he had actually been manipulated by Sloan into revealing to Romulan Senator [[Cretak]] his suspicion that Section 31 planned to assassinate Koval in order to manipulate Cretek into attempting to access Koval's personal database. This gave Koval sufficient evidence to have Cretek removed from office, and placed Koval onto the powerful Continuing Committee, a seat upon which he was competeing with Cretek for. Bashir later learned that Koval was an agent of Section 31, after discovering Starfleet [[Admiral]] [[William Ross]]' complicity in the scheme to place Koval onto the Continuing Committee.
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T'Pol reconstructed Reed's communication [[log]]s and discovered that he had been in contact with Harris. When confronted with this information, Reed confessed that he had been following Harris' orders. Later, Archer had Reed put him in contact with Harris, and Harris told Archer that, if Phlox was successful, the Klingon Empire would stabilize, an outcome that would be quite favorable for Starfleet. Archer remained suspicious of Harris' motives. After the plague was cured, Harris contacted Reed again, but Reed rebuffed him, saying that he only answered to one commanding officer: Jonathan Archer. ({{ENT| Divergence}})
   
Section 31, it seemed, had been planning for what it regarded as a likely war with the Romulan Star Empire to follow the [[Dominion War]]; the agency regarded the Dominion as being likely to end up confined to the [[Gamma Quadrant]], the Cardassian Union as likely to be left in shambles, and the [[Klingon Empire]] as likely to spend at least ten years rebuilding from the damage inflicted upon it by the Klingon-Cardassian War, the Klingon-Federation War of [[2373]]-[[2374]], and the Dominion War. ([[DS9]]: "''[[Inter Arma Enim Silent Leges]]''").
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In [[2155]], Harris agreed to provide intelligence on the [[Earth]]-based [[Human]] terrorist group [[Terra Prime]] to the ''Enterprise'' crew, when it was discovered that Terra Prime was attempting to disrupt the creation of the [[Coalition of Planets]] and to drive all non-Humans out of the [[Sol system]]. Harris implied to Reed that this information would come at a price to be exacted at a later time. ({{ENT|Demons|Terra Prime}})
   
Later that year, while researching the disease ravaging the [[Great Link]] and Odo, Bashir discovered that Section 31 had artificially engineered the virus and infected Odo during his time on Earth in mid-[[2372]]—a pre-emptive attempt on Thirty-One's part to commit genocide. Bashir lured Sloan to DS9 with false claims of having developed a cure; there, he used an advanced technological procedure to link his mind and that of Chief Operations Officer [[Miles O'Brien]] to Sloan's, allowing Bashir to discover the real cure. Sloan later committed suicide, nearly killing Bashir and O'Brien (who were still linked to Sloan's mind) in the process. ([[DS9]]: "[[Extreme Measures]]"). The [[Federation Council]] later voted to refrain from sharing the cure with the [[Great Link]], even while Odo was treated. This appears to have been part of a systematic attempt to cover up Section 31's existence—Bashir's and Sisko's [[2374]] reports had prompted the creation of an inquiry at Starfleet Command that was quietly stonewalled within one year, indicating that someone at Command was protecting Thirty-One. The cure was later given to the [[Founders]] by Odo in return for the surrender of the [[Dominion]]. ([[DS9]]: "[[What You Leave Behind]]").
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{{bginfo|The price was further explored in the [[ENT]] [[Novels|novel]] ''[[The Good That Men Do]]''.}}
   
:''Although the televised appearances of Section 31 have been limited to ''Star Trek: Deep Space Nine'', a short series of [[novels]] has also been published, documenting encounters with Section 31 in the other Star Trek series.''
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=== 23rd century (alternate reality) ===
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[[File:Kelvin Memorial Archive.jpg|thumb|Inside the London facility]]
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In the [[alternate reality]] that split off in [[2233]], Section 31 was headed by [[Admiral]] {{alt|Alexander Marcus}}, and had a base located beneath the [[Kelvin Memorial Archive]] in [[London]].
   
{{msg:featured}}
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Following the ''[[Narada]]'' attacks on {{alt|Vulcan}} and [[Earth]] in [[2258]] of the [[alternate reality]], Section 31 began exploring more direct means of defense and explored unknown regions of space, particularly against the [[Klingon Empire]]. They discovered the {{SS|Botany Bay}}, with [[Augment]]s still in [[cryostasis]].
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Marcus woke up {{alt|Khan Noonien Singh}}, and recruited him into the organization under the pseudonym John Harrison, using his intellect to develop advanced weapons systems. With the other 72 augments still in stasis and under Section 31's control, Khan cooperated on a project to build a {{class|Dreadnought}} vessel, the {{USS|Vengeance}}, at the [[Io Facility]] near [[Jupiter]]. He also designed [[advanced long-range torpedo]]es which he attempted to smuggle his crew in, but he was discovered and forced to flee.
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Assuming Marcus made good on his threat to his crew, Khan plotted revenge and blackmailed [[Thomas Harewood]] into [[bomb]]ing the Archive, before attacking [[Starfleet Headquarters]] and then fleeing to [[Qo'noS]] with a [[portable transwarp beaming device]] he salvaged from the London base.
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Marcus attempted to cover-up the conspiracy while still using the events to his advantage by assigning the {{USS|Enterprise|alternate reality}} to fire the long-range torpedoes on Harrison's location with the Augments still inside. The [[flagship]]'s [[warp core]] was sabotaged, stranding it at the [[Neutral zone]] where Klingon patrols would come and attack, giving the Federation a reason to go to war with the Klingons. {{alt|James T. Kirk}} prevented this when he opted to arrest Khan instead of executing him - learning the truth - and returned to Earth to expose the admiral's cooperation with a [[war criminal]].
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Marcus attempted to destroy the ''Enterprise'' with the ''Vengeance'', but sabotage by {{alt|Montgomery Scott}} and a boarding party of Kirk and Khan further foiled Section 31's machinations. Khan killed the admiral and then crashed the ''Vengeance'' into Starfleet Headquarters, presumably killing all the Section 31 personnel aboard. A year later, Kirk spoke out against Section 31's agenda at a [[memorial]] for those killed by their attempts to harness Khan's mind. ({{film|12}})
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=== 24th century ===
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[[File:Luther Sloan.jpg|thumb|Section 31 operative Luther Sloan, posing as Deputy Director of Internal Affairs]]
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In [[2374]], Section 31 attempted to recruit the [[chief medical officer]] of [[space station]] [[Deep Space 9]], Doctor [[Julian Bashir]], after putting him through psychological testing on the [[holodeck]] of a ship to which he had been abducted. Subjecting Bashir to an elaborate deception designed to test his loyalty to the Federation, Section 31 operative [[Luther Sloan]] presented himself to Bashir as the [[Deputy Director]] of Starfleet [[Internal Affairs]], and placed Bashir in a scenario wherein it appeared that he had defected to the [[Dominion]]. Eventually, Sloan became convinced of Bashir's loyalty and, citing his [[Genetic engineering|genetically engineered]] background and fascination with [[spy]] stories, offered him a position within Section 31.
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Bashir, appalled at the thought of an organization that was not accountable to anyone and regularly violated the very principles and core values upon which the Federation had been founded, declined Sloan's offer, although Section 31 continued to regard him as a potential asset. After the agency returned him to Deep Space 9, Bashir alerted the station's [[senior staff]] – including his commanding officer, [[Captain]] [[Benjamin Sisko]], and [[Bajoran Militia]] officers [[Major]] [[Kira Nerys]] and [[Constable]] [[Odo]] – of Section 31's existence and its attempt to recruit him. Sisko advised Bashir to accept Section 31's offer to join them, should they ask again, so that Bashir could spy on the organization for Sisko. ({{DS9|Inquisition}})
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In mid-[[2375]], Sloan resurfaced and assigned Bashir to diagnose the health of [[Koval]], Chairman of the [[Tal Shiar]], during an upcoming conference on [[Romulus]].
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In the course of his efforts to expose Section 31, Bashir discovered that he had actually been manipulated by Sloan into convincing Romulan [[Senator]] [[Kimara Cretak]] to access Koval's personal database, on suspicions that Section 31 planned to assassinate Koval. This gave Koval sufficient evidence to have Cretak arrested and charged with [[treason]], which assured his own seat on the powerful [[Continuing Committee]]. Bashir learned that Koval was an agent of Section 31 after discovering Starfleet [[Admiral]] [[William Ross]]' complicity in the scheme.
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It seemed Section 31 had been planning for what it regarded as a likely war with the Romulan Star Empire following the [[Dominion War]]. The agency projected that the Dominion was likely to end up confined to the [[Gamma Quadrant]] with the [[Cardassian Union]] occupied and left a shambles, and the [[Klingon Empire]] left to spend at least ten years rebuilding from the damage left by the [[Klingon-Cardassian War]], the [[Federation-Klingon War (2372-73)|Federation-Klingon War of 2372 to 2373]], and the Dominion War itself. Section 31 regarded Cretak as a potential threat to the Federation in the post-war [[Alpha Quadrant]], as her primary loyalties were to the Star Empire's interests, while Koval could be counted on to influence Romulus in the Federation's favor.
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[[File:Koval.jpg|thumb|left|Chairman Koval, Section 31 operative]]
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Admiral Ross attempted to defend his actions to Bashir by stating that the high cost of the war justified the extreme measures being taken, but Bashir refused to concede that the ends justified the means. Ross responded by dismissing Bashir from his office and forbidding him from repeating and otherwise acknowledging their conversation. ({{DS9|Inter Arma Enim Silent Leges}})
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[[File:Entering Sloan's mind.jpg|thumb|Bashir and O'Brien utilize a multitronic engrammatic interpreter to enter Sloan's mind]]
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Later that year, while researching the [[morphogenic virus]] which was ravaging the [[Great Link]] and Odo, Bashir discovered that Section 31 had actually engineered the disease and deliberately infected Odo during a visit to [[Starfleet Medical]] [[2372|three years previously]], in a preemptive attempt to neutralize the threat posed by the [[Founders]] and the Dominion. Despite the risk that a cure for the disease might reach the [[Changeling]]s and thus not only strengthen them but also continue the [[genocide|genocidal]] war they had initiated, Bashir decided to still pursue the matter and find a cure to help Odo. He lured Sloan to Deep Space 9 with false claims of having developed a cure. Sloan, who was committed to the cause of protecting Federation and Starfleet interests at all costs, committed [[suicide]] in an attempt to prevent the cure from being discovered, nearly killing Bashir and [[Senior chief petty officer|Chief]] [[Miles O'Brien]] in the process. Unable to revive him, Bashir and O'Brien used a [[multitronic engrammatic interpreter]] to link their minds to Sloan's, in order to finally retrieve the information before Sloan's brain injuries rendered him brain dead. ({{DS9|When It Rains...|Tacking Into the Wind|Extreme Measures}})
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After the cure was discovered, the Federation Council decided against sharing it with the Founders, an act which Odo likened to abetting genocide. The cure was later given to the [[Female Changeling]] by Odo as a condition for surrendering her forces and ending the war. These events ruined the organization's plan to eradicate the Founders. The Changeling's surrender ended the war and allowed the Founders to live. Odo eventually returned to the Great Link to distribute the cure to the rest of the Founders, saving his people. ({{DS9|The Dogs of War|What You Leave Behind}})
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== Organization and tactics ==
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''"Is that what we have become? A 24th century Rome, driven by nothing other than the certainty that Caesar can do no wrong?"''
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: - [[Julian Bashir]]
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[[Luther Sloan]], a high-ranking member of Section 31, claimed that the organization dealt with threats to the Federation that others did not even realize existed and that jeopardized the Federation's very survival. Section 31's actions were autonomous and its existence was neither acknowledged nor denied by [[Starfleet Command]] or the [[Federation Council]]. Those found guilty of posing a security threat to the Federation were dealt with quietly, as Sloan once explained. Section 31 was not accountable to anyone; it did not submit reports to anyone or ask approval for specific operations. As such, it has been described as having granted itself the powers of "[[judge]], jury, and executioner." Under Section 31 credo, to save lives, the ends always justified the means and its operatives were not afraid to bend the rules if the situation warranted it. [[Odo]] once compared Section 31 to the [[Cardassian Union]]'s [[Obsidian Order]] or the [[Romulan Star Empire]]'s [[Tal Shiar]].
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Section 31 had no known physical headquarters or base of operations. A select few were chosen to carry widespread knowledge of their operations. Recruitment of new agents had to be done in secret. One method that Section 31 used to accomplish that involved kidnapping potential agents and testing their loyalty. Section 31's recruitment policy did not allow agents to officially retire from duty, and agents who had long since moved on from the agency could be called upon at any time to carry out a mission. ({{ENT|Divergence}}; {{DS9|Inquisition|Extreme Measures}})
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== Known agents ==
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* [[Harris (Section 31)|Harris]]
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* [[Malcolm Reed]]
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* ''{{alt|Alexander Marcus}}'' ([[alternate reality]])
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* ''[[John Harrison]]'' (alternate reality)
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* ''[[Thomas Harewood]]'' (alternate reality)
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* ''[[USS Vengeance personnel|USS ''Vengeance'' personnel]]'' (alternate reality)
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* [[Luther Sloan]]
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* [[Julian Bashir]]
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* [[Koval]] (double agent)
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* [[Unnamed Starfleet personnel (24th century)#Section 31 operatives|Two unnamed Human operatives]] working for Sloan
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Furthermore, Admiral [[William Ross]] was known to sympathise with Section 31 to the point of willingly turning a blind eye to their activities.
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{{bginfo|In the [[novels|novel]] ''[[The Good That Men Do]]'', [[Charles Tucker III]] also becomes a Section 31 agent.}}
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{{Intelligence agencies of Earth}}
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{{Branches of Starfleet}}
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== Appendices ==
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=== Appearances ===
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<div class="appear">
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*{{ENT}}
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**{{e|Affliction}}
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**{{e|Divergence}}
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**{{e|Demons}}
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**{{e|Terra Prime}}
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*{{Star Trek films}}
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**{{film|12}}
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*{{DS9}}
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**{{e|Inquisition}}
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**{{e|Inter Arma Enim Silent Leges}}
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**{{e|Extreme Measures}}
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</div>
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=== Background information ===
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Section 31 was created by ''Deep Space Nine'' executive producer [[Ira Steven Behr]], and resulted from his desire to look into the darker aspects of the utopia created by [[Gene Roddenberry]]. Behr was inspired by a line of dialogue he had written in {{e|The Maquis, Part II}} where Commander Sisko remarks that "''It's easy to be a saint in paradise.''" Behr remarked, "''Why ''is'' Earth a paradise in the twenty-fourth century? Well, maybe it's because there's someone watching over it and doing the nasty stuff that no one wants to think about. Of course it's a very complicated issue. Extremely complicated. And those kinds of covert operations usually are wrong!''" (''[[Star Trek: Deep Space Nine Companion]]'', p.&nbsp;551) According to [[Ronald D. Moore]], the writing staff had "extended discussions" about the backstory of Section 31, with much debate about how long the organization was to have existed. {{AOLchat|Ronald D. Moore|ron100|1998}}
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The concept of Section 31 was criticized by some fans who saw it as undermining Roddenberry's vision. In response to such criticisms after "Inquisition" aired, Moore commented, "''The idea that there's a rogue element within the Federation doing dark deeds outside the normal chain of command is certainly a provocative one, I'll grant you, but does it really throw into question 'on a fundamental level...the principaled Federation we have known...'? Not yet it doesn't...It's a little early to declare the death of the UFP, folks.''" {{AOLchat|Ronald D. Moore|ron102|1998}} Elsewhere, Moore commented, "''We like pushing the concept of Starfleet and the Federation itself into uncharted territory. We like to question the ideals and beliefs of the ''[[Star Trek|Trek]]'' universe and put our characters into difficult situations that may not have easy answers. To be sure, we like ''Trek'' and enjoy working in this universe, but we're not satisfied with just painting the UFP as a happy-go-lucky place where everyone gets along and the Prime Directive is always right.''" {{AOLchat|Ronald D. Moore|ron108|1998}}
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Costume designer [[Bob Blackman]] noted that the uniforms worn by Section 31 agents were chosen for their fascist overtones. "''We design a lot of [[Gestapo]] / [[SS|S.S]] / [[Nazi]]esque outfits for our villains. And when they're really the ''ultimate'', like the Section 31 people, we immediately go that way to make them look like storm troopers, because that's an imagery that works best, not only for the viewers, but for the producers. For 'Inquisition,' Ira asked for dark black, severe, hostile looking garments. Well, that's black leather.''" (''[[Star Trek: Deep Space Nine Companion]]'', p.&nbsp;553)
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While the organization seen in ''[[Star Trek: Enterprise|Enterprise]]'' was never explicitly referred to as "Section 31", production staff have confirmed that it was intended to be the same organization seen on ''[[Star Trek: Deep Space Nine]]''. ([[ENT Season 4 DVD]] {{e|Terra Prime}} [[audio commentary]]) Harris wears a leather uniform similar to the one worn by Sloan two hundred years later, and refers Captain Archer to "Article 14, Section 31" of the Starfleet Charter. This is consistent with Sloan's comment that Section 31 was created as part of the "original" Starfleet charter, but not with Bashir's statement that Section 31 has managed to stay hidden for "over three hundred years" in {{e|Tacking Into the Wind}}. Ronald D. Moore, who wrote the DS9 episode, considered Bashir's figure a mistake and stated that it should have been only around two hundred. The figure was later corrected. {{AOLchat|Ronald D. Moore|ron130|1999}}
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All of the [[Star Trek: Deep Space Nine (DVD)|''Star Trek: Deep Space Nine'' DVDs]] feature several "Easter eggs" known as "Section 31 hidden files."
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=== Apocrypha ===
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====Novels====
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There are no [[canon]]ical references to Section 31 activity during the 23rd century in the prime reality, but the non-canonical novels published by [[Pocket Books]] posit that Section 31 was involved in the theft of the Romulan cloaking device by the {{USS|Enterprise|NCC-1701}} ({{TOS|The Enterprise Incident}}), the development of the [[Omega molecule]] and the subsequent destruction of subspace in the [[Lantaru sector]] ({{VOY|The Omega Directive}}), and spying upon Federation civilian attorney [[Samuel T. Cogley]] ({{TOS|Court Martial}}). Starfleet Admiral [[Cartwright|Lance Cartwright]] was established to be a Section 31 agent in the novel ''[[Cloak (novel)|Section 31: Cloak]]'', suggesting the possibility that the [[Khitomer conspiracy]] was, from the Federation end, a Section 31 operation.
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Although the televised appearances of Section 31 have been limited to ''Star Trek: Deep Space Nine'' and ''Star Trek: Enterprise'', a short series of [[novels]], ''[[Star Trek: Section 31]]'', has also been published, documenting encounters with Section 31 in the other ''Star Trek'' series. These stories were largely designed around, and serve to explain or provide background to, certain canon events. In the novels, it is revealed that Section 31:
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* had a hand in the disastrous test of the [[Omega molecule]] (see {{VOY|The Omega Directive}})
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* had [[Admiral]] [[Cartwright]], [[Cortan Zweller]], and eventually [[Sarina Douglas]] as agents (see {{film|6}}, {{TNG|Tapestry}} & {{DS9|Chrysalis}})
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* placed an agent aboard the {{USS|Voyager}} before it was transported to the Delta Quadrant in [[2371]] (see {{VOY|Scientific Method}})
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* attempted to recruit {{USS|Enterprise|NCC-1701-E|-E}} conn officer [[Lieutenant]] [[Hawk (Lieutenant)|Hawk]] (see {{film|8}})
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* was responsible for Admiral [[Matthew Dougherty|Dougherty]]'s mission to forcibly and illegally relocate the [[Ba'ku]] (see {{film|9}})
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* continues to regard Julian Bashir as an asset
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* had a hand in the events of {{TOS|The Enterprise Incident}}
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* attempted to kill the former [[Borg drone]] [[Seven of Nine]]
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Section 31 is also revealed to be responsible for allowing the Dominion to engage in an infamous massacre of Federation civilians during the war, as part of an attempt to recruit a potential agent, Ethan Locken.
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Section 31 has also appeared in the ''[[Star Trek: A Time to...]]'' series. In ''[[A Time to Kill]]'' and ''[[A Time to Heal]]'' by [[David Mack]], it is revealed that Section 31 has a hand in a ''coup d'etat'' organized against the [[Federation President|President of the United Federation of Planets]], Min Zife, whom they assassinate.
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After the events of the novel ''[[Cloak (novel)|Section 31: Cloak]]'', Captain Kirk briefed Starfleet Captains Phil Waterson and Nick Silver and Commodores [[Stone (Commodore)|Aaron Stone]] and [[José I. Mendez|José Mendez]] of his discoveries and suspicions about Section 31 and the five men formed the ''Kirk Cabal'', a secret group designed to oppose Section 31 whenever it was involved in any known activity. The Kirk Cabal was still active as of [[2376]], when [[Elias Vaughn]] recruited Julian Bashir into its ranks.
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In the novel ''[[Hollow Men]]'', Tomas Roeder, a Section 31 agent, learns of the Changeling disease and attempts to leak the information to the Dominion. Roeder failed in his objective and [[Elim Garak]] was forced to kill him.
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In ''[[The Good That Men Do]]'', by [[Andy Mangels]] and [[Michael A. Martin]], Section 31 recruited [[Commander]] [[Charles Tucker III]] to enter Romulan territory. Also according to ''The Good That Men Do'', the existence and activities of Section 31 were exposed to the general public by the early 25th century and its agents were eventually brought to justice for their crimes. The public release of Section 31's files and records ended over 300 years of the bureau's illegal and unsanctioned black-ops and infiltration programs.
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====Video games====
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In ''[[Star Trek: Starfleet Command III]]'', in a mission in the Romulan campaign, the player is inspecting the damage to the Unity One starbase. While listening to the Federation-Klingon Alliance broadcasts, one Starfleet officer suggests, "''Why don't you ask '''Section 31'''?''" as to how Starfleet could know if the Unity One scans could detect cloaked [[Romulan]] vessels.
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In the MMO game ''[[Star Trek Online]]'', Section 31 tests player characters on a mission in a fashion similar to that of Dr. Julian Bashir. A Section 31 agent also enlists the player's aid in several other missions. When [[Devidian]]s start haunting the Klingon Neutral Zone, Section 31 assists the player in stopping them.
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====Comics====
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As with the novels, there are no canonical references to Section 31 in 23rd century in the prime reality. However in couple of [[IDW Publishing]] non-canon comics, Section 31 had Capt. Kirk test Starfleet's new cloaking device in the ''[[Star Trek: Year Four - The Enterprise Experiment|Year Four - The Enterprise Experiment]]'' story that followed the events seen in "[[The Enterprise Incident]]". Section 31 also had an operative aboard the ''Enterprise'' in ''[[Star Trek: Mission's End|Mission's End]]''.
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In the [[Star Trek (IDW ongoing)|ongoing comic book]] set between the [[alternate reality]] film series, Section 31 attempted to recruit {{alt|Hikaru Sulu}}; were revealed to be responsible for [[Landru]]; supported a rebellion on a Klingon-backed planet by supplying Robert April's alternate reality counterpart with Starfleet technology; and following Marcus's death, convinced the Romulan Empire to begin a war with the Klingons, taking the pressure off the Federation after Khan's attack.
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=== External links ===
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* {{NCwiki}}
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* {{Wikipedia}}
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{{featured|date=July 2004|id=23523|re-id=1385641|re-date=April 2012}}
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[[cs:Oddíl 31]]
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[[de:Sektion 31]]
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[[fr:Section 31]]
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[[ja:セクション31]]
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[[nl:Sectie 31]]
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[[Category:Earth agencies]]
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[[Category:Agencies]]

Latest revision as of 02:22, June 4, 2014

Multiple realities
(covers information from several alternate timelines)
Section 31 operatives

Section 31 operatives in 2374

"Interesting, isn't it? The Federation claims to abhor Section 31's tactics, but when they need the dirty work done, they look the other way. It's a tidy little arrangement, wouldn't you say?"
– Odo, 2375 ("The Dogs of War")

Section 31 was the name of an officially-nonexistent and autonomous clandestine organization which claimed to protect the security interests of United Earth and later the United Federation of Planets.

History Edit

22nd century Edit

The organization's title came from the original Starfleet Charter, Article 14, Section 31, which allowed for extraordinary measures to be taken in times of extreme threat. At some point before 2151, a young Ensign Malcolm Reed was recruited by Section 31 through former Starfleet Security officer Harris. By the time Reed was posted to Enterprise NX-01, he was no longer actively involved in covert operations.

Harris Section 31

Harris

However, in late 2154, when Reed was investigating the kidnapping of Doctor Phlox, he was contacted by Harris again. Harris' organization had entered into a secret agreement with Klingon Fleet Admiral Krell, in which Harris facilitated Phlox's forcible transportation to a Klingon colony to help in finding a cure for the Klingon augment virus in exchange for a mutually beneficial alliance.

Harris ordered Reed to slow down Enterprise's investigation until Phlox could develop a cure. Reed complied, but his tampering was discovered by Captain Jonathan Archer and Commander T'Pol, and Reed was thrown in the brig. (ENT: "Affliction")

T'Pol reconstructed Reed's communication logs and discovered that he had been in contact with Harris. When confronted with this information, Reed confessed that he had been following Harris' orders. Later, Archer had Reed put him in contact with Harris, and Harris told Archer that, if Phlox was successful, the Klingon Empire would stabilize, an outcome that would be quite favorable for Starfleet. Archer remained suspicious of Harris' motives. After the plague was cured, Harris contacted Reed again, but Reed rebuffed him, saying that he only answered to one commanding officer: Jonathan Archer. (ENT: " Divergence")

In 2155, Harris agreed to provide intelligence on the Earth-based Human terrorist group Terra Prime to the Enterprise crew, when it was discovered that Terra Prime was attempting to disrupt the creation of the Coalition of Planets and to drive all non-Humans out of the Sol system. Harris implied to Reed that this information would come at a price to be exacted at a later time. (ENT: "Demons", "Terra Prime")

The price was further explored in the ENT novel The Good That Men Do.

23rd century (alternate reality) Edit

Kelvin Memorial Archive

Inside the London facility

In the alternate reality that split off in 2233, Section 31 was headed by Admiral Alexander Marcus, and had a base located beneath the Kelvin Memorial Archive in London.

Following the Narada attacks on Vulcan and Earth in 2258 of the alternate reality, Section 31 began exploring more direct means of defense and explored unknown regions of space, particularly against the Klingon Empire. They discovered the SS Botany Bay, with Augments still in cryostasis.

Marcus woke up Khan Noonien Singh, and recruited him into the organization under the pseudonym John Harrison, using his intellect to develop advanced weapons systems. With the other 72 augments still in stasis and under Section 31's control, Khan cooperated on a project to build a Dreadnought-class vessel, the USS Vengeance, at the Io Facility near Jupiter. He also designed advanced long-range torpedoes which he attempted to smuggle his crew in, but he was discovered and forced to flee.

Assuming Marcus made good on his threat to his crew, Khan plotted revenge and blackmailed Thomas Harewood into bombing the Archive, before attacking Starfleet Headquarters and then fleeing to Qo'noS with a portable transwarp beaming device he salvaged from the London base.

Marcus attempted to cover-up the conspiracy while still using the events to his advantage by assigning the USS Enterprise to fire the long-range torpedoes on Harrison's location with the Augments still inside. The flagship's warp core was sabotaged, stranding it at the Neutral zone where Klingon patrols would come and attack, giving the Federation a reason to go to war with the Klingons. James T. Kirk prevented this when he opted to arrest Khan instead of executing him - learning the truth - and returned to Earth to expose the admiral's cooperation with a war criminal.

Marcus attempted to destroy the Enterprise with the Vengeance, but sabotage by Montgomery Scott and a boarding party of Kirk and Khan further foiled Section 31's machinations. Khan killed the admiral and then crashed the Vengeance into Starfleet Headquarters, presumably killing all the Section 31 personnel aboard. A year later, Kirk spoke out against Section 31's agenda at a memorial for those killed by their attempts to harness Khan's mind. (Star Trek Into Darkness)

24th century Edit

Luther Sloan

Section 31 operative Luther Sloan, posing as Deputy Director of Internal Affairs

In 2374, Section 31 attempted to recruit the chief medical officer of space station Deep Space 9, Doctor Julian Bashir, after putting him through psychological testing on the holodeck of a ship to which he had been abducted. Subjecting Bashir to an elaborate deception designed to test his loyalty to the Federation, Section 31 operative Luther Sloan presented himself to Bashir as the Deputy Director of Starfleet Internal Affairs, and placed Bashir in a scenario wherein it appeared that he had defected to the Dominion. Eventually, Sloan became convinced of Bashir's loyalty and, citing his genetically engineered background and fascination with spy stories, offered him a position within Section 31.

Bashir, appalled at the thought of an organization that was not accountable to anyone and regularly violated the very principles and core values upon which the Federation had been founded, declined Sloan's offer, although Section 31 continued to regard him as a potential asset. After the agency returned him to Deep Space 9, Bashir alerted the station's senior staff – including his commanding officer, Captain Benjamin Sisko, and Bajoran Militia officers Major Kira Nerys and Constable Odo – of Section 31's existence and its attempt to recruit him. Sisko advised Bashir to accept Section 31's offer to join them, should they ask again, so that Bashir could spy on the organization for Sisko. (DS9: "Inquisition")

In mid-2375, Sloan resurfaced and assigned Bashir to diagnose the health of Koval, Chairman of the Tal Shiar, during an upcoming conference on Romulus.

In the course of his efforts to expose Section 31, Bashir discovered that he had actually been manipulated by Sloan into convincing Romulan Senator Kimara Cretak to access Koval's personal database, on suspicions that Section 31 planned to assassinate Koval. This gave Koval sufficient evidence to have Cretak arrested and charged with treason, which assured his own seat on the powerful Continuing Committee. Bashir learned that Koval was an agent of Section 31 after discovering Starfleet Admiral William Ross' complicity in the scheme.

It seemed Section 31 had been planning for what it regarded as a likely war with the Romulan Star Empire following the Dominion War. The agency projected that the Dominion was likely to end up confined to the Gamma Quadrant with the Cardassian Union occupied and left a shambles, and the Klingon Empire left to spend at least ten years rebuilding from the damage left by the Klingon-Cardassian War, the Federation-Klingon War of 2372 to 2373, and the Dominion War itself. Section 31 regarded Cretak as a potential threat to the Federation in the post-war Alpha Quadrant, as her primary loyalties were to the Star Empire's interests, while Koval could be counted on to influence Romulus in the Federation's favor.

Koval

Chairman Koval, Section 31 operative

Admiral Ross attempted to defend his actions to Bashir by stating that the high cost of the war justified the extreme measures being taken, but Bashir refused to concede that the ends justified the means. Ross responded by dismissing Bashir from his office and forbidding him from repeating and otherwise acknowledging their conversation. (DS9: "Inter Arma Enim Silent Leges")

Entering Sloan's mind

Bashir and O'Brien utilize a multitronic engrammatic interpreter to enter Sloan's mind

Later that year, while researching the morphogenic virus which was ravaging the Great Link and Odo, Bashir discovered that Section 31 had actually engineered the disease and deliberately infected Odo during a visit to Starfleet Medical three years previously, in a preemptive attempt to neutralize the threat posed by the Founders and the Dominion. Despite the risk that a cure for the disease might reach the Changelings and thus not only strengthen them but also continue the genocidal war they had initiated, Bashir decided to still pursue the matter and find a cure to help Odo. He lured Sloan to Deep Space 9 with false claims of having developed a cure. Sloan, who was committed to the cause of protecting Federation and Starfleet interests at all costs, committed suicide in an attempt to prevent the cure from being discovered, nearly killing Bashir and Chief Miles O'Brien in the process. Unable to revive him, Bashir and O'Brien used a multitronic engrammatic interpreter to link their minds to Sloan's, in order to finally retrieve the information before Sloan's brain injuries rendered him brain dead. (DS9: "When It Rains...", "Tacking Into the Wind", "Extreme Measures")

After the cure was discovered, the Federation Council decided against sharing it with the Founders, an act which Odo likened to abetting genocide. The cure was later given to the Female Changeling by Odo as a condition for surrendering her forces and ending the war. These events ruined the organization's plan to eradicate the Founders. The Changeling's surrender ended the war and allowed the Founders to live. Odo eventually returned to the Great Link to distribute the cure to the rest of the Founders, saving his people. (DS9: "The Dogs of War", "What You Leave Behind")

Organization and tactics Edit

"Is that what we have become? A 24th century Rome, driven by nothing other than the certainty that Caesar can do no wrong?"

- Julian Bashir

Luther Sloan, a high-ranking member of Section 31, claimed that the organization dealt with threats to the Federation that others did not even realize existed and that jeopardized the Federation's very survival. Section 31's actions were autonomous and its existence was neither acknowledged nor denied by Starfleet Command or the Federation Council. Those found guilty of posing a security threat to the Federation were dealt with quietly, as Sloan once explained. Section 31 was not accountable to anyone; it did not submit reports to anyone or ask approval for specific operations. As such, it has been described as having granted itself the powers of "judge, jury, and executioner." Under Section 31 credo, to save lives, the ends always justified the means and its operatives were not afraid to bend the rules if the situation warranted it. Odo once compared Section 31 to the Cardassian Union's Obsidian Order or the Romulan Star Empire's Tal Shiar.

Section 31 had no known physical headquarters or base of operations. A select few were chosen to carry widespread knowledge of their operations. Recruitment of new agents had to be done in secret. One method that Section 31 used to accomplish that involved kidnapping potential agents and testing their loyalty. Section 31's recruitment policy did not allow agents to officially retire from duty, and agents who had long since moved on from the agency could be called upon at any time to carry out a mission. (ENT: "Divergence"; DS9: "Inquisition", "Extreme Measures")

Known agents Edit

Furthermore, Admiral William Ross was known to sympathise with Section 31 to the point of willingly turning a blind eye to their activities.

In the novel The Good That Men Do, Charles Tucker III also becomes a Section 31 agent.

Appendices Edit

Appearances Edit

Background information Edit

Section 31 was created by Deep Space Nine executive producer Ira Steven Behr, and resulted from his desire to look into the darker aspects of the utopia created by Gene Roddenberry. Behr was inspired by a line of dialogue he had written in "The Maquis, Part II" where Commander Sisko remarks that "It's easy to be a saint in paradise." Behr remarked, "Why is Earth a paradise in the twenty-fourth century? Well, maybe it's because there's someone watching over it and doing the nasty stuff that no one wants to think about. Of course it's a very complicated issue. Extremely complicated. And those kinds of covert operations usually are wrong!" (Star Trek: Deep Space Nine Companion, p. 551) According to Ronald D. Moore, the writing staff had "extended discussions" about the backstory of Section 31, with much debate about how long the organization was to have existed. (AOL chat, 1998)

The concept of Section 31 was criticized by some fans who saw it as undermining Roddenberry's vision. In response to such criticisms after "Inquisition" aired, Moore commented, "The idea that there's a rogue element within the Federation doing dark deeds outside the normal chain of command is certainly a provocative one, I'll grant you, but does it really throw into question 'on a fundamental level...the principaled Federation we have known...'? Not yet it doesn't...It's a little early to declare the death of the UFP, folks." (AOL chat, 1998) Elsewhere, Moore commented, "We like pushing the concept of Starfleet and the Federation itself into uncharted territory. We like to question the ideals and beliefs of the Trek universe and put our characters into difficult situations that may not have easy answers. To be sure, we like Trek and enjoy working in this universe, but we're not satisfied with just painting the UFP as a happy-go-lucky place where everyone gets along and the Prime Directive is always right." (AOL chat, 1998)

Costume designer Bob Blackman noted that the uniforms worn by Section 31 agents were chosen for their fascist overtones. "We design a lot of Gestapo / S.S / Naziesque outfits for our villains. And when they're really the ultimate, like the Section 31 people, we immediately go that way to make them look like storm troopers, because that's an imagery that works best, not only for the viewers, but for the producers. For 'Inquisition,' Ira asked for dark black, severe, hostile looking garments. Well, that's black leather." (Star Trek: Deep Space Nine Companion, p. 553)

While the organization seen in Enterprise was never explicitly referred to as "Section 31", production staff have confirmed that it was intended to be the same organization seen on Star Trek: Deep Space Nine. (ENT Season 4 DVD "Terra Prime" audio commentary) Harris wears a leather uniform similar to the one worn by Sloan two hundred years later, and refers Captain Archer to "Article 14, Section 31" of the Starfleet Charter. This is consistent with Sloan's comment that Section 31 was created as part of the "original" Starfleet charter, but not with Bashir's statement that Section 31 has managed to stay hidden for "over three hundred years" in "Tacking Into the Wind". Ronald D. Moore, who wrote the DS9 episode, considered Bashir's figure a mistake and stated that it should have been only around two hundred. The figure was later corrected. (AOL chat, 1999)

All of the Star Trek: Deep Space Nine DVDs feature several "Easter eggs" known as "Section 31 hidden files."

Apocrypha Edit

NovelsEdit

There are no canonical references to Section 31 activity during the 23rd century in the prime reality, but the non-canonical novels published by Pocket Books posit that Section 31 was involved in the theft of the Romulan cloaking device by the USS Enterprise (TOS: "The Enterprise Incident"), the development of the Omega molecule and the subsequent destruction of subspace in the Lantaru sector (VOY: "The Omega Directive"), and spying upon Federation civilian attorney Samuel T. Cogley (TOS: "Court Martial"). Starfleet Admiral Lance Cartwright was established to be a Section 31 agent in the novel Section 31: Cloak, suggesting the possibility that the Khitomer conspiracy was, from the Federation end, a Section 31 operation.

Although the televised appearances of Section 31 have been limited to Star Trek: Deep Space Nine and Star Trek: Enterprise, a short series of novels, Star Trek: Section 31, has also been published, documenting encounters with Section 31 in the other Star Trek series. These stories were largely designed around, and serve to explain or provide background to, certain canon events. In the novels, it is revealed that Section 31:

Section 31 is also revealed to be responsible for allowing the Dominion to engage in an infamous massacre of Federation civilians during the war, as part of an attempt to recruit a potential agent, Ethan Locken.

Section 31 has also appeared in the Star Trek: A Time to... series. In A Time to Kill and A Time to Heal by David Mack, it is revealed that Section 31 has a hand in a coup d'etat organized against the President of the United Federation of Planets, Min Zife, whom they assassinate.

After the events of the novel Section 31: Cloak, Captain Kirk briefed Starfleet Captains Phil Waterson and Nick Silver and Commodores Aaron Stone and José Mendez of his discoveries and suspicions about Section 31 and the five men formed the Kirk Cabal, a secret group designed to oppose Section 31 whenever it was involved in any known activity. The Kirk Cabal was still active as of 2376, when Elias Vaughn recruited Julian Bashir into its ranks.

In the novel Hollow Men, Tomas Roeder, a Section 31 agent, learns of the Changeling disease and attempts to leak the information to the Dominion. Roeder failed in his objective and Elim Garak was forced to kill him.

In The Good That Men Do, by Andy Mangels and Michael A. Martin, Section 31 recruited Commander Charles Tucker III to enter Romulan territory. Also according to The Good That Men Do, the existence and activities of Section 31 were exposed to the general public by the early 25th century and its agents were eventually brought to justice for their crimes. The public release of Section 31's files and records ended over 300 years of the bureau's illegal and unsanctioned black-ops and infiltration programs.

Video gamesEdit

In Star Trek: Starfleet Command III, in a mission in the Romulan campaign, the player is inspecting the damage to the Unity One starbase. While listening to the Federation-Klingon Alliance broadcasts, one Starfleet officer suggests, "Why don't you ask Section 31?" as to how Starfleet could know if the Unity One scans could detect cloaked Romulan vessels.

In the MMO game Star Trek Online, Section 31 tests player characters on a mission in a fashion similar to that of Dr. Julian Bashir. A Section 31 agent also enlists the player's aid in several other missions. When Devidians start haunting the Klingon Neutral Zone, Section 31 assists the player in stopping them.

ComicsEdit

As with the novels, there are no canonical references to Section 31 in 23rd century in the prime reality. However in couple of IDW Publishing non-canon comics, Section 31 had Capt. Kirk test Starfleet's new cloaking device in the Year Four - The Enterprise Experiment story that followed the events seen in "The Enterprise Incident". Section 31 also had an operative aboard the Enterprise in Mission's End.

In the ongoing comic book set between the alternate reality film series, Section 31 attempted to recruit Hikaru Sulu; were revealed to be responsible for Landru; supported a rebellion on a Klingon-backed planet by supplying Robert April's alternate reality counterpart with Starfleet technology; and following Marcus's death, convinced the Romulan Empire to begin a war with the Klingons, taking the pressure off the Federation after Khan's attack.

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