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Roman Empire
Caesar.jpg

Augustus Caesar, founder of the Roman Empire

Augustus Caesar, founder of the Roman Empire
Founded: 1st millennium BC
Location: Europe/Africa/Asia, Earth
Capital: Rome
Head of Government: Emperor (Caesar)
Major Species: Humans
Language: Latin

The Roman Empire existed on Earth from 31 BC to 476 AD and was one of the most powerful of the planet's early civilizations.

The territory of the Romans extended primarily through the region of the Mediterranean, encompassing parts of Africa, Europe, and Asia Minor. The Empire was governed by a Senate and, for most of its history, an Emperor who was sometimes referred to as "Caesar" after Julius Caesar or "Augustus" after Caesar Augustus.

Though the Empire brought many technological and societal advances into being on Earth it had a dark side that included brutal military campaigns and gladiatorial combat for public entertainment. Religious dissidents were also brutally persecuted.

The planet 892-IV, which evolved according to Hodgkin's Law of Parallel Planetary Development, had a similar government to the Roman Empire, though that government persisted for much longer in the planet's evolution. The people had advanced to a state corresponding to the industrial revolution in Earth's history. (TOS: "Bread and Circuses")

In 2366, while Jean-Luc Picard contemplated the impending battle with the Borg, he wondered if while the Emperor Flavius Honorius, watching the Visigoths coming over the seventh hill, truly realized that the Roman Empire was about to fall. (TNG: "The Best of Both Worlds")

The screenwriters based many of the elements of the government of the Romulan Star Empire such as Praetor, Proconsul, and the Romulan Senate on Roman precedents. The twin capitals of the Empire Romulus and Remus are also named after the mythological founders of Rome. Many other similar aspects such as officers holding the rank of centurion, and the Imperial Eagle also enforce this.

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