Mexico was a country south of the United States of America in the North American continent. Acapulco and Mexico City were located here. The Revillagigedo Islands in the Pacific Ocean were claimed by Mexico. The abbreviation for this country was MX. (TOS: "The Cage", TNG: "The Neutral Zone", DS9: "His Way")
Mexico was identified on a political map of the Northern Hemisphere. This map was accessed from the library computer of the USS Enterprise by the Talosians in 2254. (TOS: "The Cage")
Mexico would successfully gain its independence from Spain as the result of using violence as a political instrument. (TNG: "The High Ground")
While not stated on-screen, this happened in 1810.
In 1836, Mexican troops lead by General Santa Anna, invaded Texas following their declaration of independence from Mexico, with the intentions of quelling the rebel Texans. Santa Anna's greatest success was at the Battle of the Alamo, where 2,000 Mexican troops attacked the Texans fortified Alamo mission, and killed all 188 Texan rebels. (DS9: "Once More Unto the Breach")
During the mid-22nd century, Malcolm Reed once visited a spa in Mexico, claiming that it was one of the most relaxing places he had ever been. (ENT: "Sleeping Dogs")
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