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Jupiter

Jupiter from orbit

Type: Planet
Satellites: Ganymede and others
Location: Sol system
Sector 001
Alpha Quadrant
Affiliation: United Federation of Planets

The surface of Jupiter

Template:Disambiguate Template:Disambiguate Jupiter (or Sol V) was the fifth and largest planet of the Sol system. It had many moons, including Ganymede, and was located close to the asteroid belt. (TOS: "The Changeling", "By Any Other Name"; Star Trek: The Motion Picture)

A close-up image of Jupiter was contained in the library computer aboard the USS Enterprise. This data was flashed on a viewscreen when the Talosians scanned the Enterprise computer in 2254. (TOS: "The Cage" remastered)

This image featured Jupiter's famous Great Red Spot.

History

Moons of jupiter 3, tmp

The USS Enterprise traveling past Jupiter

In 1973, this planet was surveyed by Pioneer 10, which discovered the planet's magnetic field and magnetosphere. (Star Trek V: The Final Frontier; TNG: "Loud As A Whisper")

In 2143, the NX-Alpha was destroyed near Jupiter shortly after breaking the warp 2 barrier. By 2151, Jupiter Station in orbit of Jupiter served as a repair facility to Earth Starfleet and the Earth Cargo Service. (ENT: "Silent Enemy", "Fortunate Son", "First Flight", et al.)

Jupiter Outpost 92 was one of the outposts established in the vicinity of the planet. (TNG: "The Best of Both Worlds, Part II")

Jupiter was seen on a map depicting the Sol system scanned by Nomad. (TOS: "The Changeling")

According to Arex, the cosmic cloud encountered by the USS Enterprise in 2269 was twice the diameters of Jupiter, Saturn, and Neptune in size. (TAS: "One of Our Planets Is Missing")

In 2273, the Enterprise flew past Jupiter on its way to intercept V'Ger. (Star Trek: The Motion Picture)

Tours of the lava flows on its third moon were popular by 2377. (VOY: "Life Line")

Currently, Amalthea is cataloged as Jupiter's third moon. However, Io, in fact the fifth moon, is the only known Jovian satellite with active lava flows on its surface.

Background Information

Jupiter was named after the Roman king of the gods in Earth's mythology.

Aster painting 1

A balloon-borne craft in the atmosphere of Jupiter

A painting seen in several episodes aboard the USS Enterprise-D was originally created by Rick Sternbach to illustrate a (non-Trek) science fiction story called "The Anvil of Jove". As such, it depicts a plane-like craft tethered to a balloon, cruising the atmosphere of Jupiter. [1]

By the time of its appearance in Star Trek: The Motion Picture, set in the 2270s, the Great Red Spot, usually considered to be a temporal (though centuries old) feature, still seems to exist and look very similar to how it looks now.

Star Trek: Deep Space Nine set decorations mention the Jupiter Mining Corporation, which may be associated with this planet.

The chart of Sol/Jupiter in relation to nearby astronomical objects seen in Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan was taken from page T0:02:07:02 of the Star Fleet Technical Manual by Franz Joseph.

According to Star Trek: Star Charts (Pgs. 22, "United Federation of Planets I"), Jupiter was classified as a J-class planet. This planet was a charter member of the United Federation of Planets in 2161.

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