|Satellites:||Ganymede and others|
|Affiliation:||United Federation of Planets|
Jupiter (or Sol V) was an uninhabited planet. It had many moons, including Ganymede, that were inhabited. The planet was located in the outer system, and was located near an asteroid belt. It was the fifth planet in the Sol planetary system. This system was located in Sector 001 (or Sol Sector), which was a region of space in the Alpha Quadrant. The planet was affiliated with the United Federation of Planets. (TOS: "The Changeling", "By Any Other Name"; Star Trek: The Motion Picture)
An close-up image of Jupiter was contained in the library computer aboard the USS Enterprise. This data was flashed on a viewscreen when the Talosians scanned the Enterprise computer in 2254. (TOS: "The Cage" remastered)
The first permanent Human presence near Jupiter may have been established by the mid-22nd century. By 2151, Jupiter Station in orbit of Jupiter served as a repair facility to Earth Starfleet and the Earth Cargo Service. (ENT: "Silent Enemy", "Fortunate Son", et al.)
|The Sol System|
|Sol • Mercury • Venus • Earth (Luna) • Mars (Deimos) • Asteroid Belt • Jupiter (Europa; Ganymede) • Saturn (Mimas; Rhea; Titan) • Uranus • Neptune (Triton) • Pluto|
Behind the Scenes
A painting seen in several episodes aboard the USS Enterprise-D was originally created by Rick Sternbach to illustrate a (non-trek) Science Fiction called The Anvil of Jove. As such, it depicts a plane-like craft tethered to a balloon, cruising the atmosphere of Jupiter. 
By the time of its 2272 appearance in Star Trek: The Motion Picture, the Great Red Spot, usually considered to be a temporal (though centuries old) feature, still seems to exist and look very similar to how it looks now.
"The Explored Galaxy"
This chart was first seen, chronologically, in 2293. (Star Trek VI: The Undiscovered Country) This chart was also seen in several Star Trek: The Next Generation and Star Trek: Deep Space Nine episodes set in the 24th century, from the year 2364 to 2370. These were: TNG: "Conspiracy", "The Measure Of A Man", "The Emissary", "The Mind's Eye", "The Game" and DS9: "In the Hands of the Prophets", "Cardassians".