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Industrial Light & Magic

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Industrial Light & Magic, or ILM, is a visual effects (VFX) company. Founded and owned by George Lucas, it was set up to provide effects for his movie Star Wars and quickly became a prolific effects house, working on numerous feature films, including doing visual effects sequences for the following Star Trek productions:

Additionally, many Star Trek films and television episodes featured stock footage from these projects, done by ILM, including:

Industrial Light & Magic, A Division of Lucasfilm Ltd. received credit as VFX company in the end credits of all seven season of Star Trek: The Next Generation. Originally the company was hired only to built the first two Enterprise-D studio models for the TNG pilot "Encounter at Farpoint", but were eventually also contracted to produce the subsequent 69 shots with some 300 elements. (The Official Star Trek: The Next Generation Magazine Vol. 2, p. 38-39)

General history Edit

ILM has provided "special visual effects" (an intermediate term they themselves invented in the mid-1980s to begin discriminating between visual effects and special effects} for over three hundred films and television series. In addition to the Star Trek films listed above and the six Star Wars films, their motion picture credits include Raiders of the Lost Ark, E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial, Poltergeist, Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom, Cocoon, Back to the Future and its sequels (starring Christopher Lloyd), Who Framed Roger Rabbit (also starring Christopher Lloyd), Field of Dreams, Ghostbusters II, Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade, The Abyss, The Hunt for Red October, Total Recall, Die Hard 2, Ghost, Terminator 2: Judgment Day, Jurassic Park and its sequels, Forrest Gump, Twister, Mission: Impossible, Men in Black and its sequel, Titanic, Saving Private Ryan, Galaxy Quest, The Mummy, Pearl Harbor, The Bourne Identity, Minority Report, all of the Harry Potter movies, all three Pirates of the Caribbean films, The Day After Tomorrow, The Bourne Supremacy, and the J.J. Abrams-directed Mission: Impossible III. Their current projects include Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull and Iron Man for Paramount as well as Speed Racer and Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince for Warner Bros. Pictures.

John Knoll is one of the leading members of ILM. Star Trek: Deep Space Nine's visual effects coordinator Judy Elkins worked at ILM as an animator on films such as Raiders of the Lost Ark and Poltergeist. Other past and present members of ILM who worked on Star Trek include Martin Brenneis, Loren Carpenter, Sean Casey, Ed Catmull, Brian Chin, Bob Diepenbrock, John Duncan, Scott Farrar, John Goodson, Mike Fulmer, Steve Gawley, Bill George, Alex Jaeger, Stewart Lew, Jeff Mann, Mark S. Miller, Steve Sanders, and Larry Tan.

ILM was, and is, arguably the most influential VFX company the motion picture industry has ever spawned. From its very inception in 1976 the company, by being a vigorously pioneering company, did continuously push the technological possibilities in creating VFX (both produced in the traditional methods, as well as later on in the computerized methods) to their outermost boundaries, either by developing the technologies (computerized motion control photography) themselves, or by making the fullest use as pioneers of new technologies (CGI), developed by others.

In 2005, ILM moved their digital effects departments from Kerner Blvd. in San Rafael, California, to the Presidio in San Francisco. In that year Lucasfilm, Inc. made the conscious decision to split off the traditional visual effects departments from the CGI effects departments, as it decided to concentrate on the latter. The departments responsible for the physical aspects of ILM's visual effects (models and miniatures, pyrotechnics, etc.) remained in the original San Rafael facility and became their own independent company, Kerner Optical. ILM has a non-exclusive agreement with Kerner Optical which allows the two companies to work together on projects, including 2009's Star Trek. [1]

In 2012, ILM, being a part of Lucasfilm Ltd., was acquired by the The Walt Disney Company [2], in the process reuniting the company with Pixar, the company that started out as the former Lucasfilm company, "The Graphics Group", the company that was responsible for the creation of the very first full textured CGI effect ever shown in the motion picture industry, the Genesis Device effect in The Wrath of Khan.

Star Trek: The Next Generation crew Edit

On the pilot episode "Encounter at Farpoint", the following members of ILM worked on the special effects.

The Wrath of Khan crew Edit

Those ILM members who specifically worked on Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan are listed below.

The Search for Spock crew Edit

Those ILM members who specifically worked on Star Trek III: The Search for Spock are listed below.

The Voyage Home crew Edit

Those ILM members who specifically worked on Star Trek IV: The Voyage Home are listed below.

The Undiscovered Country crew Edit

Those ILM members who specifically worked on Star Trek VI: The Undiscovered Country are listed below.

Generations crew Edit

Those ILM members who specifically worked on Star Trek Generations are listed below.

Miniature Crash Sequence Photography Unit Edit

First Contact crew Edit

Those ILM members who specifically worked on Star Trek: First Contact are listed below.

Motion Control and Pyrotechnics UnitEdit

According to the Internet Movie Database, Aaron Haye was a modelmaker for ILM on First Contact. This has not been verified, however; if he was involved in the production, he was not credited.

Star Trek (2009) crew Edit

Uncredited crew Edit

Unconfirmed crew Edit

  • Kai Cheng - Digital Artist
  • Sam Lee - Digital Artist
  • John M. Levin - Layout Artist
  • Ryan Martin - Technical Assistant
  • Benjamin Mattress - Digital Artist
  • Spencer Reynolds - Clonecam Operator
  • Craig Rowe - Digital Compositor
  • James Soukup - On-Set Matchmover
  • Teh-wei Yeh - Digital Artist

Star Trek Into Darkness Edit

San Francisco Unit Edit

Singapore Unit Edit

Unconfirmed crew Edit

  • Owen Calouro - Layout Artist
  • Christian Castaneda - Digital Compositor
  • Karhoe Chan - Layout Artist
  • Sonia Contreras - Layout Artist
  • Devin Fairbairn - Layout Artist
  • Bridgette Foo - Digital Artist
  • Mei Gangwen - Effects Technical Director
  • Jeff Grebe - FX Technical Director
  • Sherry Hitch - Sequence Supervisor
  • Dean Koonjul - Digital Compositor - Singapore
  • David Larochelle - Compositor
  • Yann Larochette - Senior Compositor
  • Chulev Marko - Modeler / Texture Artist
  • Timothy Mueller - Digimatte Sequence Lead
  • Jia-Hao Ng - Digital Matte Artist
  • Sheau Horng Ng - Digital Artist
  • Christin Quek - Digital Artist
  • Wajid Raza - Assistant Technical Director
  • Patric Roos - Visual Effects Supervisor - Singapore
  • Ryan Rubi - Creature Technical Director
  • Geoff Sayer - Digital Compositor
  • Lai Lin Tang - Layout Artist
  • Chad Taylor - Sequence Supervisor
  • Dennis Trutanic - Senior Layout Artist
  • Marion Voignier - Digital Artist
  • Vong Yonghow - Lighting Technical Director

Further reading Edit

  • Cinefantastique, "Star Trek: The Wrath of Khan", Kay Anderson, Vol 12 #5/6, 1982, pp. 50-55, 57-61, 63-68, 70-74
  • American Cinematographer, October 1982
    • "Warp Speed and Beyond", Jim Veilleux, pp. 1030-1034, 1054-1058
    • "Mama Eel and the Nebulae", Ken Ralston, pp. 1035-1037, 1052
    • "The Genesis Demo", Alvy Ray Smith, pp. 1038-1039, 1048-1050
  • "The Last Voyage of the Starship 'Enterprise'", Brad Munson, Cinefex, Issue 18, August 1984, pp. 42-68
  • ""Star Trek III: The Search for Spock", Nora Lee, American Cinematographer, August/September 1984, pp. 54-63
  • "Blue Skies and Starfields", Ron Magid, American Cinematographer, December 1986, pp. 62-74
  • Industrial Light & Magic: The Art of Special Effects, 1986
  • Cinefantastique, Vol 17 #3/4, 1987
    • "Special Effects; Industrial Light & Magic", Ron Magid, pp. 40-47
    • "Star Trek's ILM Look", Allen Malmquist, pp. 64-67
  • "Humpback to Future", Jody Duncan Shay, Cinefex, Issue 29, February 1987, pp. 4-31
  • "Creating Special Effects for Star Trek: The Next Generation", David Hutchison, The Official Star Trek: The Next Generation Magazine, Vol. 2, December 1987, pp. 26-41
  • "Special Effects The Next Generation", Glenn Campbell & Donna Trotter, Cinefex, Issue 37, February 1989, pp. 4-21
  • "ILM Gets 'Piece of the Action'", Ron Magid, American Cinematographer, January 1992, pp. 58-65
  • "Letting Slip the Dogs of Wars", Kevin H. Martin, Cinefex, Issue 49, February 1992, pp. 38-60
  • "Kirk Out", Kevin H. Martin, Cinefex, Issue 61, March 1995, pp. 62-77
  • "ILM Creates New Universe of Effects for Star Trek: Generations", Ron Magid, American Cinematographer, April 1995, pp. 78-88
  • Industrial Light & Magic: Into the Digital Realm, 1996
  • "Phoenix Rising", Kevin H. Martin, Cinefex, Issue 69, March 1997, pp. 98-119

External links Edit

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