(covers information from several alternate timelines)
A globe was a spherical representation of a world, functioning as essentially a three dimensional version of a world map.
A small globe of Earth was among several items cluttering a table at the Incredible Tales offices in 1953. Incredible Tales writer Benny Russell also had a mars globe suspended above his desk at home. (DS9: "Far Beyond the Stars")
In 2374, in an early version of the alternate timeline known as the Year of Hell, Commander Chakotay noted at the dedication of the USS Voyager's new Astrometrics lab "Before there were maps and globes, let alone RADAR and subspace sensors, mariners navigated by the stars." (VOY: "Year of Hell")