The Cochrane equation was a fundamental mathematical expression in warp theory related to the creation of a stable warp field within the laws of physics. Named after Zefram Cochrane who wrote the book on warp theory on Earth.
In 2153, the Enterprise NX-01 entered the Delphic Expanse and encountered the spatial anomalies of the region. Commander Tucker noted that inside these areas of extreme spatial distortion, the Cochrane equation was no longer a constant. Within the anomalies, the quantum variables became a problem for establishing a stable warp field. Any attempt to compensate, caused problems with the spatial gradients. Tucker noted he could have used help from Isaac Newton to solve the problem.