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<table class="wiki-sidebar">
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{{sidebar individual
<tr><td colspan="2">[[Image:Christine Chapel 2266.jpg|200px|Nurse in 2267]]</td></tr>
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|image = Christine Chapel, 2286.jpg
<tr><td class="odd">Caption:</td><td class="even">Nurse in [[2267]]</td></tr>
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|imagecap = [[Commander]] Chapel ([[2286]])
<tr><td class="odd">Gender:</td><td class="even">Female</td></tr>
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|image2 = Christine Chapel 2266.jpg
<tr><td class="odd">Species:</td><td class="even">[[Human]]</td></tr>
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|imagecap2 = Nurse Chapel ([[2266]])
<tr><td class="odd">Actress:</td><td class="even">[[Majel Barrett]]</td></tr>
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|gender = Female
<tr><td colspan="2">[[Image:Christine Chapel 2271.jpg|200px|Doctor in 2273]]</td></tr>
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|species = [[Human]]
<tr><td class="odd">Caption:</td><td class="even">Doctor in [[2273]]</td></tr>
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|affiliation = [[Federation]] [[Starfleet]]
</table>
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|rank = [[Commander]]
'''Christine Chapel''' was a [[nurse]] aboard the [[USS Enterprise (NCC-1701)|USS ''Enterprise'']], under the command of [[Captain]] [[James T. Kirk]] in [[2266]]. ''([[TOS]]: "[[The Naked Time]]")''
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|occupation = [[Nurse]] <br /> [[Chief medical officer]]
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|serial number = NI-596 MT21Z
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|status = Active
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|datestatus = 2286
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|marital_status = Single
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|actor = [[Majel Barrett]]
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}}
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{{alt disambiguation}}
   
==Early Career==
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'''Christine Chapel''' was a [[nurse]] aboard the {{USS|Enterprise|NCC-1701}}, under the command of [[Captain]] [[James T. Kirk]] in [[2266]].
Chapel began her medical career aboard the USS ''Enterprise'', sacrificing a biology career with several university degrees in research medicine. She became Head Nurse to ''Enterprise'' [[Chief Medical Officer]] [[Leonard McCoy]] in [[2266]].
 
   
When the [[Psi 2000 intoxication]] afflicted the crew of the Enterprise, Chapel admitted her love towards Mr. [[Spock]], who was there upon emotionally shocked. Her love for him was an ongoing issue, which never interfered with her professional duties, though. ''([[TOS]]: "[[The Naked Time]]")''
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== Early career ==
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Chapel abandoned a career in [[bio-research]] for a position in [[Starfleet]], in the hopes that a deep-space assignment would one day reunite her with her [[fiancé]], [[Doctor|Dr.]] [[Roger Korby]] &ndash; a [[scientist]] of renown, incommunicado from his expedition to [[Exo III]] since [[2261]].
   
In [[2266]], the ''Enterprise'' was sent to find Dr. [[Roger Korby]], Chapel's lost fiancée, on the planet [[Exo III]]. His last communication contact had been made in [[2261]]. When Korby was found, he was disocovered to be, in fact, an [[android]]. After the android died, Chapel doubted if she should stay aboard. She eventually elected to remain with the Enterprise, and she would become good friends with [[Uhura]] and Dr. McCoy. ''([[TOS]]: "[[What Are Little Girls Made Of?]]")''
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By [[2266]], Chapel was commissioned as an [[ensign]] and assigned to the USS ''Enterprise'', serving as head nurse under ''Enterprise'' [[Chief Medical Officer]] Dr. [[Leonard McCoy]].
   
Chapel once housed Mr. Spock's consciousness to keep him from being destroyed by [[Henoch]]. ''([[TOS]]: "[[Return to Tomorrow]]")'' She was later forced by powerful telepaths to kiss Spock, but neither enjoyed the forced situation. ''([[TOS]]: "[[Plato's Stepchildren]]")''
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On [[stardate]] 2712.4, the ''Enterprise'' reached [[Exo III]]. Korby was found, exploring and exploiting a sophisticated [[android]] manufacturing technology, the legacy of a long-dead civilization. Korby had replaced his own damaged body, transplanting his personality into an android replica, and had built himself a beautiful companion, [[Andrea]]. After exhibiting his madness, the android Korby was destroyed. Initially, Chapel doubted if she should stay aboard, but she elected to remain with the ''Enterprise'' throughout the five-year mission. ({{TOS|What Are Little Girls Made Of?}})
   
==Late Career==
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In addition to a professional friendship with Dr. McCoy, Chapel was particularly close to [[Nyota Uhura|Uhura]]. ({{TOS|What Are Little Girls Made Of?|The Changeling|Plato's Stepchildren|The Tholian Web}})
When under the influence of the women of [[Taurus II]], the male crewmembers of the Enterprise were incapacitated by the siren's song. Lieutenant Uhura took command of the vessel, and assigned Chapel to acting Chief Medical Officer. They led a landing party down to the planet's surface to rescue Captain Kirk, Mr. Spock, and Dr. McCoy. ''([[TAS]]: "[[The Lorelei Signal]]")''
 
   
In [[2269]], Chapel obtained a love potion from [[Harry Mudd]], and she used it on Spock. He was in love with her for some time, but the effects of the drug were only temporary. ''([[TAS]]: "[[Mudd's Passion]]")''
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By [[2267]], there were occasional times when Chapel was called upon to help other doctors, sometimes with McCoy as the patient. She also knew when it was a good idea to be supportive of Dr. McCoy, even when others questioned whether he could be entirely reliable. On stardate 3478.2, such an event happened. When Kirk, Spock, McCoy, Scotty and [[Lieutenant]] [[Arlene Galway]] contracted a mysterious rapid-aging syndrome on planet [[Gamma Hydra IV]], due to radiation left by a passing comet, Chapel was called upon to help the visiting Dr. [[Janet Wallace]] in an effort to help comfort, if not cure, Kirk, Spock, McCoy, Scotty and Lt. Galway. (Unfortunately, before a cure was discovered, Galway died of old age.) Later, when Dr. McCoy, with Spock's help, figured out that it was increased [[adrenaline]] levels that had kept Ensign [[Pavel Chekov]] from developing the syndrome, Chapel instinctively knew that McCoy would be able to figure out an antidote for the rapid-aging syndrome in time to cure himself, Kirk, Spock and Scotty. She stood up for McCoy even while that wisdom was questioned by Dr. Wallace and visiting [[Commodore]] [[Stocker]], but let it be known that Dr. Wallace could be of great assistance to her and McCoy. Sure enough, Chapel's wisdom was borne out when McCoy did find the antidote in time to save himself, Kirk, Spock and Scotty. ({{TOS|The Deadly Years}})
   
When in miniaturized state, Chapel assisted Dr. McCoy mend [[Hikaru Sulu]]'s broken leg. ''([[TAS]]: "[[The Terratin Incident]]")'' When Captain Kirk and Mr. Spock were mutated into water breathers, Chapel assisted Dr. McCoy when he reversed their mutations. ''([[TAS]]: "[[The Ambergris Element]]")''
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On stardate 3541.9, Chapel was so close to Uhura that she was an excellent assistant to McCoy by helping Uhura be re-educated after the probe [[Nomad]] wiped Uhura's memories. ({{TOS|The Changeling}})
   
Following the Enterprise's five-year mission of exploration, she finished her own medical degree, and was promoted to Chief Medical Officer of the refitted Enterprise, now under the command of [[Willard Decker]]. However, when Dr. McCoy returned to the ship in [[2273]] during the [[V'Ger]] crisis, she willingly stepped down to allow McCoy to return as Chief Medical Officer. ''([[Star Trek: The Motion Picture]])''
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In [[2268]], though, there were times both when Dr. McCoy greatly confused Chapel, as well as when she was put into danger. On stardate 4657.5, Chapel was in the ''Enterprise'' sickbay when McCoy and the [[Kelvan]] [[Tomar]] brought in Spock, from the surface of a [[Class M]] [[planet]] where a landing party had met the Kelvans. McCoy told Chapel that Spock was close to dying, though she could tell that wasn't true. This was a ruse by both McCoy and Spock on Kirk's orders, because Kirk wanted them on the ship to help stop the Kelvans from taking the ship to the [[Andromeda Galaxy]], and Spock had put himself into a [[Vulcan]] vacation trance to trick the Kelvans into thinking he was truly gravely ill. McCoy had to hint to Chapel to keep quiet. She did take the hint but remained confused. On stardate 4658.9, the Kelvans still hijacked the ''Enterprise'' to return to the Andromeda Galaxy and Dr. McCoy complained to Kirk that he had watched four of his best doctors and nurses, including Chapel, be neutralized and reduced into dehydrated [[Kelvan#Field projection|porous cuboctahedron solid]]s, the size of a human fist, composed of their base minerals, which represented the "distilled" essences of their being. The Kelvans considered them non-essential personnel. Chapel and the other doctors and nurses were reconstituted, after Kirk, Spock, McCoy and Scotty, the only four not neutralized, regained control of the ''Enterprise''. ({{TOS|By Any Other Name}})
   
In [[2286]], Chapel was stationed at [[Starfleet Headquarters]] coordinating relief efforts while [[Earth]] was suffering a severe ecological "attack" from an orbiting [[Whale Probe|space probe]]. ''([[Star Trek IV: The Voyage Home]])''
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On stardate 5029.5, when children from the [[Starnes Exploration Party]] were on board the ''Enterprise'', she cared for and entertained them. She also was the first to notice how the children didn't cry for their recently deceased parents, and this observation to Dr. McCoy. ({{TOS|And the Children Shall Lead}})
   
==Appearances==
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[[File:Mccoy and Chapel tend Kirk.jpg|thumb|Chapel and [[Leonard McCoy|McCoy]] administer the [[tri-ox compound]] to [[James T. Kirk|Kirk]], in the [[transporter room]] after Kirk was rescued from the [[USS Defiant (NCC-1764)|USS ''Defiant'']].]]
* [[TOS]]: "[[The Naked Time]]"
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On two separate occasions, Chapel displayed excellent skills as a lab assistant. On stardate 5693.2, she assisted Dr. McCoy in developing a diluted [[theragen]] derivative to cure mental degradation effects caused by an [[interphase]] as the ''Enterprise'' was passing through [[Tholian]] space. She also assisted McCoy by administering the cure throughout the ship and helping him, in the [[transporter room]], in administering the [[tri-ox compound]] to Kirk, after he was beamed aboard from the {{USS|Defiant|NCC-1764}}. On stardate 5710.5, Chapel assisted Spock and McCoy in synthesizing an agent to counteract hyper-acceleration effects of [[Scalosian]] water. ({{TOS|The Tholian Web|Wink of an Eye}})
* [[TOS]]: "[[What Are Little Girls Made Of?]]"
 
* [[TOS]]: "[[The Menagerie, Part I]]"
 
* [[TOS]]: "[[The Menagerie, Part II]]"
 
* [[TOS]]: "[[Operation: Annihilate!]]"
 
* [[TOS]]: "[[Amok Time]]"
 
* [[TOS]]: "[[The Changeling]]"
 
* [[TOS]]: "[[Journey to Babel]]"
 
* [[TOS]]: "[[The Deadly Years]]"
 
* [[TOS]]: "[[Obsession]]"
 
* [[TOS]]: "[[The Immunity Syndrome]]"
 
* [[TOS]]: "[[A Private Little War]]"
 
* [[TOS]]: "[[Return to Tomorrow]]"
 
* [[TOS]]: "[[By Any Other Name]]"
 
* [[TOS]]: "[[Spock's Brain]]"
 
* [[TOS]]: "[[The Enterprise Incident]]"
 
* [[TOS]]: "[[The Paradise Syndrome]]"
 
* [[TOS]]: "[[And the Children Shall Lead]]"
 
* [[TOS]]: "[[For the World is Hollow and I Have Touched the Sky]]"
 
* [[TOS]]: "[[The Tholian Web]]"
 
* [[TOS]]: "[[Plato's Stepchildren]]"
 
* [[TOS]]: "[[Wink of an Eye]]"
 
* [[TOS]]: "[[Elaan of Troyius]]"
 
* [[TOS]]: "[[Let That Be Your Last Battlefield]]"
 
* [[TOS]]: "[[The Lights of Zetar]]"
 
* [[TOS]]: "[[The Way to Eden]]"
 
* [[TOS]]: "[[Turnabout Intruder]]"
 
* [[TAS]]: "[[The Lorelei Signal]]"
 
* [[TAS]]: "[[Mudd's Passion]]"
 
* [[TAS]]: "[[The Ambergris Element]]"
 
* [[TAS]]: "[[The Survivor]]"
 
* [[TAS]]: "[[The Pirates of Orion]]"
 
* ''[[Star Trek: The Motion Picture]]''
 
* ''[[Star Trek IV: The Voyage Home]]''
 
   
==Background==
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== Relationship with Spock ==
''Christine Chapel was played by [[Majel Barrett]]. The voice for the character of Chapel was also provided by Barrett in [[Star Trek: The Animated Series|The Animated Series]].''
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[[File:Spockchapel.jpg|thumb|left|Chapel confessing her love for [[Spock]].]]
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Even while she still sought to locate Korby, Chapel was deeply infatuated with the ''Enterprise''{{'}}s half-[[Vulcan]] [[science officer]], [[Spock]]. While her attraction never interfered with her professional duties, it was an ongoing source of tension and bemusement throughout the five-year mission.
   
''Little [[canon]]ical information exists about Chapel's life outside of her career in Starfleet. [[Simon and Schuster]]'s ''[[Star Trek: Starship Creator]]'' [[games|interactive software]] listed some biographical details about her, such as a birthdate in [[2237]], [[Starfleet Medical Academy]] [[nurse|nursing]] degree in [[2366]] and doctorate by [[2271]]. She graduated in the 98th percentile of her class, with degrees in [[bioresearch]], [[medicine|medical]] [[archaeology]], [[endocrinology]]. It assigns her original rank as a "brevet" (or [[provisional officer|provisional]]) [[ensign]], and rose to become the director of Starfleet Emergency Operations by the time of her ''Star Trek IV'' appearance. It mentions he is the child of Lauren Chapel and Patterson Chapel of [[New Orleans]], [[Louisiana]], [[Earth]]; and has an interest in ballet.''
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Initially Chapel kept these feelings to herself. However, when the [[Psi 2000 intoxication]] afflicted the crew of the ''Enterprise'', Chapel admitted her love for Spock, who was shocked:
   
{{featured}}
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:"''I'm in love with you, Mr. Spock. You, the Human Mr. Spock... the Vulcan Mr. Spock.... I see things... how honest you are. I know how you feel. You hide it, but you do have feelings. Oh, how we must hurt you... torture you.''"
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Chapel insisted that Spock address her by her first name, as opposed to her title, which he resisted. Chapel was unaware that Spock's inability to react to her emotionally was further complicated by his betrothal to [[T'Pring]]. Leading him to the [[koon-ut-kal-if-fee|ceremony]] in which his fiancée rejected him in favor of a different suitor, Spock underwent a period of intense emotional outbursts: a blood fever known as ''[[pon farr]]''. Chapel characteristically doted after the Vulcan, preparing ''[[plomeek soup]]'', a traditional Vulcan broth. The experience allowed them to discuss, even if briefly, Chapel's confession of love. Despite his acknowledged inability to return her affections, he did refer to her as Christine for the first time. ({{TOS|The Naked Time|Amok Time}})
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Chapel's longing for Spock was well-known among crew members, and noted openly by Captain Kirk and Dr. McCoy on a number of occasions. During Spock's recovery after a near-death experience on [[Neural]], fellow medical officer Dr. [[M'Benga]] caught Chapel tenderly holding Spock's hand while watching his recovery on the medical panel atop his bed. M'Benga was sympathetic, despite Chapel's attempt to hide her feelings. Chapel later proactively aided Spock by secretly holding his consciousness to keep him from being destroyed by [[Henoch]]. ({{TOS|A Private Little War|Return to Tomorrow}})
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Three years after confessing her love to Spock, Chapel finally shared a kiss with him. Unfortunately, the situation was forced by powerful [[telekinesis|telekinetics]], compelling Chapel to admit that, despite her long-standing desire to be close with the Vulcan, all she wanted to do, given the humiliation of the situation, was "crawl away and die." ({{TOS|Plato's Stepchildren}})
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In [[2269]], [[Harry Mudd]] provided Chapel with [[love potion crystal]]s that she used successfully on Spock. However, the effect wore off after a brief time. ({{TAS|Mudd's Passion}})
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== Later career ==
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[[File:Chapel, Mudds Passion.jpg|thumb|left|Lieutenant Chapel]]
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By late [[2269]] on stardate 4978.5, Chapel had been promoted to the rank of [[lieutenant]]. She had the [[serial number|Starfleet serial number]] NI-596 MT21Z. ({{TAS|Mudd's Passion}})
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On stardate 5483.7 when under the influence of the women of [[Unnamed Alpha and Beta Quadrant planets#Taurean system planets|planet two]] of the [[Taurean system]], the male crew members of the ''Enterprise'' were incapacitated by the siren's song. Lieutenant Uhura took command of the vessel, and assigned Chapel as acting chief medical officer. They led an all-female landing party down to the planet's surface to rescue Captain Kirk, Spock, and Dr. McCoy. ({{TAS|The Lorelei Signal}})
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On stardate 5499.9 when Kirk and Spock mutated into water-breathers, Chapel assisted Dr. McCoy in reversing their mutations. ({{TAS|The Ambergris Element}})
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At some point prior to stardate 5577.5, Chapel had acquired a [[titanium]] bracelet made by the metalsmiths of [[Libra]], which she occasionally wore while on duty. This bracelet would prove to be an important piece of information for Spock to form a hypothesis that would end up helping the whole crew of the ''Enterprise''. ({{TAS|The Terratin Incident}}):
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:On stardate 5577.5, after the ''Enterprise'' was struck by a flash of light coming from a planet in the [[Cepheus]] star system that temporarily paralyzed the crew, the whole crew started shrinking to fingernail length at 1/16th of an [[inch]] in height. On 5577.6, Spock observed that Chapel's titanium bracelet stayed the same mass, as their uniforms were shrinking at a proportional rate as their bodies. Spock hypothesized correctly that their [[Starfleet uniform (mid 2260s-early 2270s)|Starfleet uniforms]] were shrinking because they were made of an [[algae]] based material known as [[xenylon]], and that biological and naturally made material objects were also shrinking, but not the ship itself or other totally man-made material objects. A short time later, after Lieutenant [[Hikaru Sulu|Sulu]] broke his right leg in a fall from the [[helm station]] on the [[bridge]] and was taken to ''sickbay'' by Kirk and Lieutenant [[Arex]], Chapel fretted that they couldn't use their [[bone-knitting laser]] that was now too large. Chapel then had an idea that McCoy thought was a great idea: that they could use the [[microscope laser]] they used to heal the inner [[ear]] to do the surgery to reset and heal Sulu's leg. Chapel would be proven correct about that, but unfortunately due to her shrinking size, while trying to bring the microscope laser from the medical cabinet she tripped on a knitting needle that had also stayed the same size, fell into the ''sickbay'''s [[aquarium]], and nearly drowned. Fortunately, Kirk was able to save her. Later she was part of the crew that helped to rescue the [[Terra 10]] [[colony]]'s mutant descendants from the unstable planet that they were located on and relocate them to a more stable planet. Chapel and the rest of the crew were returned to her normal height by use of the [[transporter]] saving their original [[molecule|molecular]] structure in the [[pattern buffer]]s. ({{TAS|The Terratin Incident}})
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[[File:Christine Chapel 2271.jpg|thumb|Doctor Chapel in the [[2270s]]]]
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At some point following the events on [[Dramia II]] ({{TAS|Albatross}}), Chapel was able to complete her medical degree. Chapel returned to the ''Enterprise'' at the end of its [[refit]], as chief medical officer.
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Upon the return of Dr. McCoy during the ''[[V'Ger]]'' crisis, he explained to Kirk that he was "''going to need a top nurse, not a doctor who will argue every little diagnosis with me.''"
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Chapel later performed medical scans on the [[Ilia probe]], and assisted in reacquainting the probe with [[Ilia]]'s former life. ({{film|1}})
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{{bginfo|According to the [[Star Trek: The Motion Picture (novel)|TMP]] [[novels|novelization]], Chapel was supposed to be the ''Enterprise''{{'}}s chief medical officer, but the arrival of McCoy changed that. Chapel was very pleased that he was CMO and she wasn't.}}
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By the latter half of the [[2280s]], Chapel held the rank of [[commander]].
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In [[2286]], she was stationed at [[Starfleet Headquarters]], where she coordinated relief efforts while [[Earth]] was suffering a severe ecological "attack" from an orbiting [[Whale Probe|space probe]]. ({{film|4}})
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{{EnterpriseChiefMedicalOfficers}}
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== Appendices ==
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=== Appearances ===
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<div class="appear">
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* {{TOS}}
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** {{e|The Naked Time}} ([[TOS Season 1]])
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** {{e|What Are Little Girls Made Of?}}
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** {{e|Operation -- Annihilate!}}
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** {{e|Amok Time}} ([[TOS Season 2]])
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** {{e|The Changeling}}
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** {{e|The Deadly Years}}
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** {{e|Journey to Babel}}
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** {{e|A Private Little War}}
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** {{e|Obsession}}
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** {{e|The Immunity Syndrome}}
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** {{e|By Any Other Name}}
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** {{e|Return to Tomorrow}}
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** {{e|Elaan of Troyius}} ([[TOS Season 3]])
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** {{e|The Paradise Syndrome}}
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** {{e|The Enterprise Incident}}
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** {{e|And the Children Shall Lead}}
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** {{e|Spock's Brain}}
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** {{e|The Tholian Web}}
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** {{e|For the World is Hollow and I Have Touched the Sky}}
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** {{e|Plato's Stepchildren}}
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** {{e|Wink of an Eye}}
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** {{e|Let That Be Your Last Battlefield}}
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** {{e|The Lights of Zetar}}
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** {{e|The Way to Eden}}
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** {{e|Turnabout Intruder}}
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* {{TAS}}
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** {{e|Beyond the Farthest Star}} ([[TAS Season 1]])
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** {{e|The Lorelei Signal}}
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** {{e|The Survivor}}
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** {{e|The Magicks of Megas-Tu}}
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** {{e|Mudd's Passion}}
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** {{e|The Terratin Incident}}
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** {{e|The Ambergris Element}}
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** {{e|The Pirates of Orion}} ([[TAS Season 2]])
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** {{e|Albatross}}
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* {{Star Trek films}}
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** {{film|1}}
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** {{film|4}}
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</div>
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=== Background ===
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==== Conception ====
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The character of Christine Chapel was created by [[Gene Roddenberry]], intending the part to be played by [[Majel Barrett Roddenberry|Majel Barrett]], with whom the married Roddenberry was having an affair. The creation of the recurring role was Roddenberry's solution to pressure that Barrett frequently put on him, as she was insistent that she play a regular character on ''[[Star Trek]]'', even though executives at the television network [[NBC]] had fired her as [[Number One]] in the unaired original pilot {{e|The Cage}}. As an executive producer on [[Star Trek: The Original Series|the original series]] of ''Star Trek'', Roddenberry planned to ensure that the resultant character of Chapel would definitely recur. (''[[Inside Star Trek: The Real Story]]'', paperback ed., p. 224)
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In his [[reference works|reference book]] ''[[The World of Star Trek]]'' (3rd ed., p. 28), writer [[David Gerrold]] reckoned that Chapel "was obviously created specifically" to love Spock and went on to say, "''The need to dramatize Spock's Vulcan aloofness requires that a woman fall in love with him and be continually rebuffed. Hence, Nurse Chapel.''"
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In scripts of {{e|The Naked Time}}, this character was known as Christine Baker and, later, Christine Ducheaux. Even the Final Draft shooting script (dated June 28, 1966) refers to her as "Christine Ducheaux...dark-haired... more starkly attractive than beautiful... a woman capable of startling vitality... superb efficiency... as now... a perfect right hand to McCoy...," although in actual dialogue she is never referred to as anything other than "Nurse" or "Christine. [http://www.fastcopyinc.com/orionpress/articles/nakedtime.htm] Roddenberry renamed the character to Christine Chapel as a pun on "{{w|Sistine Chapel}}". (''[[These Are the Voyages: TOS Season One]]'', ''[[Inside Star Trek: The Real Story]]'')
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==== Original appearances ====
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Majel Barrett saw her opportunity to further appear in ''Star Trek'' by auditioning for the role of Chapel. "''I wanted to be a part of it so badly, and I kept watching the scripts that came in, and when this episode ['The Naked Time'] came in, my mind started to go in different directions,''" Barrett recollected. "''So I bleached my hair and waited for Gene [Roddenberry] to come in and take notice of it.''" ({{STM|27}}, p. 44) Barrett, whose hair was now bleached blond, awaited Roddenberry in his office. "''I sat there talking to his secretary, Penny, and Gene walked in. He looked at me and at Penny, said, 'Good morning,' and walked in the door....I kept on talking to Penny, and pretty soon Gene came out again, put some papers on Penny's desk, sort of smiled at me, turned around, and walked back in his office. Then the double take happened. He opened the door and said, 'Majel?!' And I said, 'By God, if I could fool you, I can fool NBC.{{'}}'''" (''[[Star Trek - Where No One Has Gone Before]]'', p. 21) Roddenberry agreed. Concluded Barrett, "''He said, 'Yes, you can' [....] You just don't come back again when they fire you once, but I so much wanted to be a part of this show.''" ({{STM|27}}, p. 44) Christine Chapel was thereafter played by Barrett.
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An issue which frustrated the show's producers, notably [[Robert Justman]], as well as Majel Barrett herself was that the character of Chapel was not fleshed out. ({{STM|144}}, p. 14) For instance, little [[canon]]ical information exists about Chapel's life outside of her career in Starfleet. Just after seeing the first footage of Barrett in the role, Justman realized that he didn't much like the performance. He addressed this problem with Gene Roddenberry in the latter's office, saying that Barrett "seemed awkward" in the part. "''Gene just smiled,''" Justman remembered, "''as he always did when I told him something he didn't particularly want to hear [....] 'I thought she was fine,' he responded. 'Maybe a little nervous this time, but she'll work out great. It's a new character for her, and she'll get even better as she goes along. I like her a lot in this role.' Pushing him further wouldn't work. But I continued to needle him about it from time to time. His response was always the same: a smile, a short remonstration that she was 'fine' in the role, and then a change of subject. I stopped needling him about it after finally becoming aware of their relationship. Years later, I realized it wasn't the actress I disliked, it was the role. Nurse Chapel was a wimpy, badly written, and ill-conceived character.''" He particularly found fault with Chapel repeatedly pining for another character &ndash; whether it be Spock, as is the case in "The Naked Time", or Roger Korby in {{e|What Are Little Girls Made Of?}} (''[[Inside Star Trek: The Real Story]]'', pp. 224-225) Expressing similar sentiments, Barrett confessed, "''I didn't care that much for Nurse Chapel, to tell you the truth. She really wasn't that exciting a person or that exciting a character for an actress to play.''" ({{STM|38}}, p. 39) Clarified Barrett, "''I was happy with what I did, except there wasn't that much to do. It wasn't that satisfying, but in those days, I couldn't talk Gene into doing any more; again, I was a woman, and they had already fired me once, so I wasn't given too much to do.''" ({{STM|27}}, p. 44)
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The script of "What Are Little Girls Made Of?" includes the following description of Chapel; "''She's a strong, calm woman, very much in control of herself which emphasizes only more for us the flickers of emotions that do occasionally show through.''" Also, as scripted for that episode, Chapel's abandonment of a career in bio-research was stated to have been specifically for a position aboard the ''Enterprise'', though this ultimately changed to being an assignment aboard a generic vessel. [http://leethomson.myzen.co.uk/Star_Trek/1_Original_Series/Star_Trek_1x08_-_What_Are_Little_Girls_Made_Of.pdf] Regarding Majel Barrett's appearance as Chapel in "What Are Little Girls Made Of?", Robert Justman critiqued, "''The close-up shots of her eyes misting over and lower lip quivering were beautifully photographed by cameraman [[Jerry Finnerman]], who used special lighting and diffusion lenses. But this only served to emphasize the lack of character written into the character.''" (''[[Inside Star Trek: The Real Story]]'', p. 225)
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According to [[Herb Solow]], NBC did notice Chapel was portrayed by the same actress whom they had already fired. Solow related that &ndash; while he was screening a rough edit of "The Naked Time" for a group of NBC execs, well before the series was broadcast &ndash; NBC Vice President Herb Schlosser asked him who the performer was, a question Solow agreed to answer later. When they were alone after the screening, Schlosser repeated the inquiry and, upon Solow revealing the name of the actress, the NBC executive realized it was the same controversial performer. Schlosser was therefore initially puzzled about why the ''Star Trek'' producers hadn't cast a different actress for the part. "''This was one of those times when the truth would be painful for all concerned,''" stated Solow. "''I answered quickly, 'Putting together a cast is like forming an orchestra. Individual actors are unimportant; it's an ensemble thing.{{'}}''" Schlosser then correctly assumed that Barrett's casting as Chapel was due to her having an affair with someone who had a lot of influence in the ''Star Trek'' production team, a suspicion that Solow didn't confirm until after the series had been airing for a while. Also according to him, the news within NBC that the portrayal of Chapel involved Barrett returning to ''Star Trek'' led Jerry Stanley &ndash; another executive at the television network &ndash; to yodel, "''Well, well &ndash; look who's back.''" (''[[Inside Star Trek: The Real Story]]'', pp. 224 & 233) Barrett herself claimed, "''For three years, NBC never knew it was the same person.''" ({{STM|27}}, p. 44)
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Christine Chapel proved to be highly unpopular among some [[Trekkie|fans]] of ''Star Trek''{{'}}s original series. "''It was because of her love for Spock and his occasional moments of gentleness toward her that Christine Chapel was largely disliked among the Trekkies who adored Spock,''" explained David Gerrold. "''Female fans saw her as a threat to their own fantasies and male fans saw her as a threat to Spock's Vulcan stoicism.''" However, the fans who met Majel Barrett were often surprised by how beautiful she was. Gerrold concluded, "''They just couldn't see it in her as Chapel because of the relationship between her and Spock.''" (''[[The World of Star Trek]]'', 3rd ed., p. 28)
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==== Later appearances ====
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In ''[[Star Trek: The Animated Series]]'', the voice for the character of Chapel was provided by Majel Barrett, reprising the role from TOS.
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Christine Chapel was intended to be included in the [[Undeveloped Star Trek projects|ultimately aborted]] television series ''[[Star Trek: Phase II]]'', in which her promotion to doctor was planned to be established. The ''Writers'/Directors' Guide'' for that series said of the character, "''Introduced in Star Trek I as Nurse Chapel, her medical degrees have been accepted by Starfleet, and she has returned to the U.S.S. Enterprise to serve as McCoy's associate. She is second in command of the ship's medical section, and McCoy seems to enjoy passing on to her every duty he finds too boring, irritating or annoying to himself. Yet outside of Captain Kirk, she is probably McCoy's closest confidante. An expert in psychotherapy, she has unusual ability to teach patients how to use the healing powers of their own bodies.''" (''[[The Making of Star Trek: The Motion Picture]]'', p. 119)
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In character notes that Gene Roddenberry wrote for {{film|1}}, Chapel was mentioned in the note about Dr. McCoy and was described as being influenced by the fact that McCoy was dealing with a great deal of pressure at the time of the film, even to the point of almost causing him to suffer a [[nervous breakdown]]. The section regarding Chapel stated, "''[She] must take on an overly large portion of the load of treating the sick, and is likewise subject to breakage.''" (''The Making of Star Trek: The Motion Picture'', p. 102) Majel Barrett was delighted that, in ''The Motion Picture'', Chapel was promoted to doctor status and that she herself was not required to ruin her hair by dying it blond to match her TOS appearances as Chapel. In the film, Barrett's portrayal of Chapel was partly based on the description of the character from the ''Writers'/Directors' Guide'' for ''Phase II''. (''The Making of Star Trek: The Motion Picture'', p. 119) Her appearance in ''The Motion Picture'' is in keeping with the fact that long hairstyles were disallowed in that film. (''The Making of Star Trek'', p. 142) However, Majel Barrett had qualms about her appearance as Chapel in ''The Motion Picture'', confessing, "''I really didn't consider my work in the first one to be that great an experience.''" (''[[Starlog (magazine)|Starlog]]'' #116)
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In the script for {{film|4}}, Chapel is described as a "Starfleet Medical Officer whose history in ''Star Trek'' is known to all." The same script features her in a short, ultimately excised scene. Set in the [[Federation Council]] Chamber, the scene details Commander Chapel meeting with [[Sarek]] upon his arrival there. She thanks him for coming but admits to being unsure whether he is too late to testify at the then-ongoing trial of Admiral Kirk and the senior crew of the ''Enterprise''. [http://www.st-minutiae.com/academy/literature329/tvh.txt] Noted Majel Barrett, "''I just had a couple of lines with Sarek, so it was really nothing of consequence.''" However, Barrett also considered that this scene would have been her "only real scene" in the movie. Chapel's role in ''Star Trek IV'' is so minimal that Barrett hypothesized, "''If no one had called me Commander Chapel, the audience wouldn't really know that I was there.''" Longing to have more involvement in ''Star Trek'', she proclaimed, "''Somewhere Chapel got lost.''" On the other hand, Barrett also related about her brief inclusion in ''Star Trek IV'', "''I am grateful for having been in it after not being in ''Star Trek II'' or ''III'' [....] I loved it, I had such a great time.''" (''[[Starlog (magazine)|Starlog]]'' #116)
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[[Simon and Schuster]]'s officially licensed ''[[Star Trek: Starship Creator]]'' [[games|interactive software]], written by production staffer [[Michael Okuda]], lists some supplemental biographical details on Chapel. It mentions she is the child of Lauren Chapel and Patterson Chapel of [[New Orleans]], [[Louisiana]], [[Earth]], and has an interest in [[ballet]]. Other information includes a birth date in [[2237]], [[Starfleet Medical Academy]] Nursing Degree in [[2266]], and doctorate by the [[2270s]]. She graduated in the 98th percentile of her class, with degrees in bioresearch, [[medicine|medical]] [[archeology]], and [[endocrinology]]. It assigns her original rank as a "brevet" (or [[provisional officer|provisional]]) [[ensign]], and states that she rose to become the director of Starfleet Emergency Operations by the time of her ''Star Trek IV'' appearance.
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=== Apocrypha ===
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Chapel appears in [[Vonda N. McIntyre]]'s novelization of ''[[Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan (novel)|Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan]]''. She is still serving on the ''Enterprise'' in [[2285]], and is present during [[Saavik]]'s [[Kobayashi Maru scenario|Kobayashi Maru test]].
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In [[Peter David]]'s ''[[New Frontier]]'' novel ''{{dis|Renaissance|novel}}'', [[Montgomery Scott|Scotty]] mistakes one of the characters, [[Morgan Primus]], the mother of [[Robin Lefler]], as "Christine". It was also suggested in that series that Primus was actually [[Christopher Pike]]'s "[[Number One]]". This mistaken identification was a joke referring to the fact that both roles were played by the same actress.
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Dr. Chapel was also seen as the chief medical officer aboard the {{USS|Excelsior}} in the novel ''[[The Sundered]]''.
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===External links===
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* {{startrek.com|chapel}}
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* {{NCwiki}}
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* {{Wikipedia}}
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{{featured|date=February 2005|id=79849}}
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[[bg:Кристин Чапъл]]
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[[de:Christine Chapel]]
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[[eo:Christine Chapel]]
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[[es:Christine Chapel]]
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[[fr:Christine Chapel]]
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[[it:Christine Chapel]]
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[[nl:Christine Chapel]]
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[[Category:Humans|Chapel, Christine]]
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[[Category:USS Enterprise (NCC-1701) personnel|Chapel, Christine]]
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[[Category:Starfleet sciences personnel|Chapel, Christine]]
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[[Category:Medical practitioners|Chapel, Christine]]

Latest revision as of 17:27, April 28, 2014

Commander Chapel (2286)

Commander Chapel (2286)
Gender: Female
Species: Human
Affiliation: Federation Starfleet
Rank: Commander
Occupation: Nurse
Chief medical officer
Serial number: NI-596 MT21Z
Status: Active (2286)
Marital Status: Single
Played by: Majel Barrett

Nurse Chapel (2266)

Nurse Chapel (2266)

Christine Chapel was a nurse aboard the USS Enterprise, under the command of Captain James T. Kirk in 2266.

Early career Edit

Chapel abandoned a career in bio-research for a position in Starfleet, in the hopes that a deep-space assignment would one day reunite her with her fiancé, Dr. Roger Korby – a scientist of renown, incommunicado from his expedition to Exo III since 2261.

By 2266, Chapel was commissioned as an ensign and assigned to the USS Enterprise, serving as head nurse under Enterprise Chief Medical Officer Dr. Leonard McCoy.

On stardate 2712.4, the Enterprise reached Exo III. Korby was found, exploring and exploiting a sophisticated android manufacturing technology, the legacy of a long-dead civilization. Korby had replaced his own damaged body, transplanting his personality into an android replica, and had built himself a beautiful companion, Andrea. After exhibiting his madness, the android Korby was destroyed. Initially, Chapel doubted if she should stay aboard, but she elected to remain with the Enterprise throughout the five-year mission. (TOS: "What Are Little Girls Made Of?")

In addition to a professional friendship with Dr. McCoy, Chapel was particularly close to Uhura. (TOS: "What Are Little Girls Made Of?", "The Changeling", "Plato's Stepchildren", "The Tholian Web")

By 2267, there were occasional times when Chapel was called upon to help other doctors, sometimes with McCoy as the patient. She also knew when it was a good idea to be supportive of Dr. McCoy, even when others questioned whether he could be entirely reliable. On stardate 3478.2, such an event happened. When Kirk, Spock, McCoy, Scotty and Lieutenant Arlene Galway contracted a mysterious rapid-aging syndrome on planet Gamma Hydra IV, due to radiation left by a passing comet, Chapel was called upon to help the visiting Dr. Janet Wallace in an effort to help comfort, if not cure, Kirk, Spock, McCoy, Scotty and Lt. Galway. (Unfortunately, before a cure was discovered, Galway died of old age.) Later, when Dr. McCoy, with Spock's help, figured out that it was increased adrenaline levels that had kept Ensign Pavel Chekov from developing the syndrome, Chapel instinctively knew that McCoy would be able to figure out an antidote for the rapid-aging syndrome in time to cure himself, Kirk, Spock and Scotty. She stood up for McCoy even while that wisdom was questioned by Dr. Wallace and visiting Commodore Stocker, but let it be known that Dr. Wallace could be of great assistance to her and McCoy. Sure enough, Chapel's wisdom was borne out when McCoy did find the antidote in time to save himself, Kirk, Spock and Scotty. (TOS: "The Deadly Years")

On stardate 3541.9, Chapel was so close to Uhura that she was an excellent assistant to McCoy by helping Uhura be re-educated after the probe Nomad wiped Uhura's memories. (TOS: "The Changeling")

In 2268, though, there were times both when Dr. McCoy greatly confused Chapel, as well as when she was put into danger. On stardate 4657.5, Chapel was in the Enterprise sickbay when McCoy and the Kelvan Tomar brought in Spock, from the surface of a Class M planet where a landing party had met the Kelvans. McCoy told Chapel that Spock was close to dying, though she could tell that wasn't true. This was a ruse by both McCoy and Spock on Kirk's orders, because Kirk wanted them on the ship to help stop the Kelvans from taking the ship to the Andromeda Galaxy, and Spock had put himself into a Vulcan vacation trance to trick the Kelvans into thinking he was truly gravely ill. McCoy had to hint to Chapel to keep quiet. She did take the hint but remained confused. On stardate 4658.9, the Kelvans still hijacked the Enterprise to return to the Andromeda Galaxy and Dr. McCoy complained to Kirk that he had watched four of his best doctors and nurses, including Chapel, be neutralized and reduced into dehydrated porous cuboctahedron solids, the size of a human fist, composed of their base minerals, which represented the "distilled" essences of their being. The Kelvans considered them non-essential personnel. Chapel and the other doctors and nurses were reconstituted, after Kirk, Spock, McCoy and Scotty, the only four not neutralized, regained control of the Enterprise. (TOS: "By Any Other Name")

On stardate 5029.5, when children from the Starnes Exploration Party were on board the Enterprise, she cared for and entertained them. She also was the first to notice how the children didn't cry for their recently deceased parents, and this observation to Dr. McCoy. (TOS: "And the Children Shall Lead")

Mccoy and Chapel tend Kirk

Chapel and McCoy administer the tri-ox compound to Kirk, in the transporter room after Kirk was rescued from the USS Defiant.

On two separate occasions, Chapel displayed excellent skills as a lab assistant. On stardate 5693.2, she assisted Dr. McCoy in developing a diluted theragen derivative to cure mental degradation effects caused by an interphase as the Enterprise was passing through Tholian space. She also assisted McCoy by administering the cure throughout the ship and helping him, in the transporter room, in administering the tri-ox compound to Kirk, after he was beamed aboard from the USS Defiant. On stardate 5710.5, Chapel assisted Spock and McCoy in synthesizing an agent to counteract hyper-acceleration effects of Scalosian water. (TOS: "The Tholian Web", "Wink of an Eye")

Relationship with Spock Edit

Spockchapel

Chapel confessing her love for Spock.

Even while she still sought to locate Korby, Chapel was deeply infatuated with the Enterprise's half-Vulcan science officer, Spock. While her attraction never interfered with her professional duties, it was an ongoing source of tension and bemusement throughout the five-year mission.

Initially Chapel kept these feelings to herself. However, when the Psi 2000 intoxication afflicted the crew of the Enterprise, Chapel admitted her love for Spock, who was shocked:

"I'm in love with you, Mr. Spock. You, the Human Mr. Spock... the Vulcan Mr. Spock.... I see things... how honest you are. I know how you feel. You hide it, but you do have feelings. Oh, how we must hurt you... torture you."

Chapel insisted that Spock address her by her first name, as opposed to her title, which he resisted. Chapel was unaware that Spock's inability to react to her emotionally was further complicated by his betrothal to T'Pring. Leading him to the ceremony in which his fiancée rejected him in favor of a different suitor, Spock underwent a period of intense emotional outbursts: a blood fever known as pon farr. Chapel characteristically doted after the Vulcan, preparing plomeek soup, a traditional Vulcan broth. The experience allowed them to discuss, even if briefly, Chapel's confession of love. Despite his acknowledged inability to return her affections, he did refer to her as Christine for the first time. (TOS: "The Naked Time", "Amok Time")

Chapel's longing for Spock was well-known among crew members, and noted openly by Captain Kirk and Dr. McCoy on a number of occasions. During Spock's recovery after a near-death experience on Neural, fellow medical officer Dr. M'Benga caught Chapel tenderly holding Spock's hand while watching his recovery on the medical panel atop his bed. M'Benga was sympathetic, despite Chapel's attempt to hide her feelings. Chapel later proactively aided Spock by secretly holding his consciousness to keep him from being destroyed by Henoch. (TOS: "A Private Little War", "Return to Tomorrow")

Three years after confessing her love to Spock, Chapel finally shared a kiss with him. Unfortunately, the situation was forced by powerful telekinetics, compelling Chapel to admit that, despite her long-standing desire to be close with the Vulcan, all she wanted to do, given the humiliation of the situation, was "crawl away and die." (TOS: "Plato's Stepchildren")

In 2269, Harry Mudd provided Chapel with love potion crystals that she used successfully on Spock. However, the effect wore off after a brief time. (TAS: "Mudd's Passion")

Later career Edit

Chapel, Mudds Passion

Lieutenant Chapel

By late 2269 on stardate 4978.5, Chapel had been promoted to the rank of lieutenant. She had the Starfleet serial number NI-596 MT21Z. (TAS: "Mudd's Passion")

On stardate 5483.7 when under the influence of the women of planet two of the Taurean system, the male crew members of the Enterprise were incapacitated by the siren's song. Lieutenant Uhura took command of the vessel, and assigned Chapel as acting chief medical officer. They led an all-female landing party down to the planet's surface to rescue Captain Kirk, Spock, and Dr. McCoy. (TAS: "The Lorelei Signal")

On stardate 5499.9 when Kirk and Spock mutated into water-breathers, Chapel assisted Dr. McCoy in reversing their mutations. (TAS: "The Ambergris Element")

At some point prior to stardate 5577.5, Chapel had acquired a titanium bracelet made by the metalsmiths of Libra, which she occasionally wore while on duty. This bracelet would prove to be an important piece of information for Spock to form a hypothesis that would end up helping the whole crew of the Enterprise. (TAS: "The Terratin Incident"):

On stardate 5577.5, after the Enterprise was struck by a flash of light coming from a planet in the Cepheus star system that temporarily paralyzed the crew, the whole crew started shrinking to fingernail length at 1/16th of an inch in height. On 5577.6, Spock observed that Chapel's titanium bracelet stayed the same mass, as their uniforms were shrinking at a proportional rate as their bodies. Spock hypothesized correctly that their Starfleet uniforms were shrinking because they were made of an algae based material known as xenylon, and that biological and naturally made material objects were also shrinking, but not the ship itself or other totally man-made material objects. A short time later, after Lieutenant Sulu broke his right leg in a fall from the helm station on the bridge and was taken to sickbay by Kirk and Lieutenant Arex, Chapel fretted that they couldn't use their bone-knitting laser that was now too large. Chapel then had an idea that McCoy thought was a great idea: that they could use the microscope laser they used to heal the inner ear to do the surgery to reset and heal Sulu's leg. Chapel would be proven correct about that, but unfortunately due to her shrinking size, while trying to bring the microscope laser from the medical cabinet she tripped on a knitting needle that had also stayed the same size, fell into the sickbay's aquarium, and nearly drowned. Fortunately, Kirk was able to save her. Later she was part of the crew that helped to rescue the Terra 10 colony's mutant descendants from the unstable planet that they were located on and relocate them to a more stable planet. Chapel and the rest of the crew were returned to her normal height by use of the transporter saving their original molecular structure in the pattern buffers. (TAS: "The Terratin Incident")
Christine Chapel 2271

Doctor Chapel in the 2270s

At some point following the events on Dramia II (TAS: "Albatross"), Chapel was able to complete her medical degree. Chapel returned to the Enterprise at the end of its refit, as chief medical officer.

Upon the return of Dr. McCoy during the V'Ger crisis, he explained to Kirk that he was "going to need a top nurse, not a doctor who will argue every little diagnosis with me."

Chapel later performed medical scans on the Ilia probe, and assisted in reacquainting the probe with Ilia's former life. (Star Trek: The Motion Picture)

According to the TMP novelization, Chapel was supposed to be the Enterprise's chief medical officer, but the arrival of McCoy changed that. Chapel was very pleased that he was CMO and she wasn't.

By the latter half of the 2280s, Chapel held the rank of commander.

In 2286, she was stationed at Starfleet Headquarters, where she coordinated relief efforts while Earth was suffering a severe ecological "attack" from an orbiting space probe. (Star Trek IV: The Voyage Home)

Appendices Edit

Appearances Edit

Background Edit

Conception Edit

The character of Christine Chapel was created by Gene Roddenberry, intending the part to be played by Majel Barrett, with whom the married Roddenberry was having an affair. The creation of the recurring role was Roddenberry's solution to pressure that Barrett frequently put on him, as she was insistent that she play a regular character on Star Trek, even though executives at the television network NBC had fired her as Number One in the unaired original pilot "The Cage". As an executive producer on the original series of Star Trek, Roddenberry planned to ensure that the resultant character of Chapel would definitely recur. (Inside Star Trek: The Real Story, paperback ed., p. 224)

In his reference book The World of Star Trek (3rd ed., p. 28), writer David Gerrold reckoned that Chapel "was obviously created specifically" to love Spock and went on to say, "The need to dramatize Spock's Vulcan aloofness requires that a woman fall in love with him and be continually rebuffed. Hence, Nurse Chapel."

In scripts of "The Naked Time", this character was known as Christine Baker and, later, Christine Ducheaux. Even the Final Draft shooting script (dated June 28, 1966) refers to her as "Christine Ducheaux...dark-haired... more starkly attractive than beautiful... a woman capable of startling vitality... superb efficiency... as now... a perfect right hand to McCoy...," although in actual dialogue she is never referred to as anything other than "Nurse" or "Christine. [1] Roddenberry renamed the character to Christine Chapel as a pun on "Sistine Chapel". (These Are the Voyages: TOS Season One, Inside Star Trek: The Real Story)

Original appearances Edit

Majel Barrett saw her opportunity to further appear in Star Trek by auditioning for the role of Chapel. "I wanted to be a part of it so badly, and I kept watching the scripts that came in, and when this episode ['The Naked Time'] came in, my mind started to go in different directions," Barrett recollected. "So I bleached my hair and waited for Gene [Roddenberry] to come in and take notice of it." (Star Trek Monthly issue 27, p. 44) Barrett, whose hair was now bleached blond, awaited Roddenberry in his office. "I sat there talking to his secretary, Penny, and Gene walked in. He looked at me and at Penny, said, 'Good morning,' and walked in the door....I kept on talking to Penny, and pretty soon Gene came out again, put some papers on Penny's desk, sort of smiled at me, turned around, and walked back in his office. Then the double take happened. He opened the door and said, 'Majel?!' And I said, 'By God, if I could fool you, I can fool NBC.''" (Star Trek - Where No One Has Gone Before, p. 21) Roddenberry agreed. Concluded Barrett, "He said, 'Yes, you can' [....] You just don't come back again when they fire you once, but I so much wanted to be a part of this show." (Star Trek Monthly issue 27, p. 44) Christine Chapel was thereafter played by Barrett.

An issue which frustrated the show's producers, notably Robert Justman, as well as Majel Barrett herself was that the character of Chapel was not fleshed out. (Star Trek Magazine issue 144, p. 14) For instance, little canonical information exists about Chapel's life outside of her career in Starfleet. Just after seeing the first footage of Barrett in the role, Justman realized that he didn't much like the performance. He addressed this problem with Gene Roddenberry in the latter's office, saying that Barrett "seemed awkward" in the part. "Gene just smiled," Justman remembered, "as he always did when I told him something he didn't particularly want to hear [....] 'I thought she was fine,' he responded. 'Maybe a little nervous this time, but she'll work out great. It's a new character for her, and she'll get even better as she goes along. I like her a lot in this role.' Pushing him further wouldn't work. But I continued to needle him about it from time to time. His response was always the same: a smile, a short remonstration that she was 'fine' in the role, and then a change of subject. I stopped needling him about it after finally becoming aware of their relationship. Years later, I realized it wasn't the actress I disliked, it was the role. Nurse Chapel was a wimpy, badly written, and ill-conceived character." He particularly found fault with Chapel repeatedly pining for another character – whether it be Spock, as is the case in "The Naked Time", or Roger Korby in "What Are Little Girls Made Of?" (Inside Star Trek: The Real Story, pp. 224-225) Expressing similar sentiments, Barrett confessed, "I didn't care that much for Nurse Chapel, to tell you the truth. She really wasn't that exciting a person or that exciting a character for an actress to play." (Star Trek Monthly issue 38, p. 39) Clarified Barrett, "I was happy with what I did, except there wasn't that much to do. It wasn't that satisfying, but in those days, I couldn't talk Gene into doing any more; again, I was a woman, and they had already fired me once, so I wasn't given too much to do." (Star Trek Monthly issue 27, p. 44)

The script of "What Are Little Girls Made Of?" includes the following description of Chapel; "She's a strong, calm woman, very much in control of herself which emphasizes only more for us the flickers of emotions that do occasionally show through." Also, as scripted for that episode, Chapel's abandonment of a career in bio-research was stated to have been specifically for a position aboard the Enterprise, though this ultimately changed to being an assignment aboard a generic vessel. [2] Regarding Majel Barrett's appearance as Chapel in "What Are Little Girls Made Of?", Robert Justman critiqued, "The close-up shots of her eyes misting over and lower lip quivering were beautifully photographed by cameraman Jerry Finnerman, who used special lighting and diffusion lenses. But this only served to emphasize the lack of character written into the character." (Inside Star Trek: The Real Story, p. 225)

According to Herb Solow, NBC did notice Chapel was portrayed by the same actress whom they had already fired. Solow related that – while he was screening a rough edit of "The Naked Time" for a group of NBC execs, well before the series was broadcast – NBC Vice President Herb Schlosser asked him who the performer was, a question Solow agreed to answer later. When they were alone after the screening, Schlosser repeated the inquiry and, upon Solow revealing the name of the actress, the NBC executive realized it was the same controversial performer. Schlosser was therefore initially puzzled about why the Star Trek producers hadn't cast a different actress for the part. "This was one of those times when the truth would be painful for all concerned," stated Solow. "I answered quickly, 'Putting together a cast is like forming an orchestra. Individual actors are unimportant; it's an ensemble thing.'" Schlosser then correctly assumed that Barrett's casting as Chapel was due to her having an affair with someone who had a lot of influence in the Star Trek production team, a suspicion that Solow didn't confirm until after the series had been airing for a while. Also according to him, the news within NBC that the portrayal of Chapel involved Barrett returning to Star Trek led Jerry Stanley – another executive at the television network – to yodel, "Well, well – look who's back." (Inside Star Trek: The Real Story, pp. 224 & 233) Barrett herself claimed, "For three years, NBC never knew it was the same person." (Star Trek Monthly issue 27, p. 44)

Christine Chapel proved to be highly unpopular among some fans of Star Trek's original series. "It was because of her love for Spock and his occasional moments of gentleness toward her that Christine Chapel was largely disliked among the Trekkies who adored Spock," explained David Gerrold. "Female fans saw her as a threat to their own fantasies and male fans saw her as a threat to Spock's Vulcan stoicism." However, the fans who met Majel Barrett were often surprised by how beautiful she was. Gerrold concluded, "They just couldn't see it in her as Chapel because of the relationship between her and Spock." (The World of Star Trek, 3rd ed., p. 28)

Later appearances Edit

In Star Trek: The Animated Series, the voice for the character of Chapel was provided by Majel Barrett, reprising the role from TOS.

Christine Chapel was intended to be included in the ultimately aborted television series Star Trek: Phase II, in which her promotion to doctor was planned to be established. The Writers'/Directors' Guide for that series said of the character, "Introduced in Star Trek I as Nurse Chapel, her medical degrees have been accepted by Starfleet, and she has returned to the U.S.S. Enterprise to serve as McCoy's associate. She is second in command of the ship's medical section, and McCoy seems to enjoy passing on to her every duty he finds too boring, irritating or annoying to himself. Yet outside of Captain Kirk, she is probably McCoy's closest confidante. An expert in psychotherapy, she has unusual ability to teach patients how to use the healing powers of their own bodies." (The Making of Star Trek: The Motion Picture, p. 119)

In character notes that Gene Roddenberry wrote for Star Trek: The Motion Picture, Chapel was mentioned in the note about Dr. McCoy and was described as being influenced by the fact that McCoy was dealing with a great deal of pressure at the time of the film, even to the point of almost causing him to suffer a nervous breakdown. The section regarding Chapel stated, "[She] must take on an overly large portion of the load of treating the sick, and is likewise subject to breakage." (The Making of Star Trek: The Motion Picture, p. 102) Majel Barrett was delighted that, in The Motion Picture, Chapel was promoted to doctor status and that she herself was not required to ruin her hair by dying it blond to match her TOS appearances as Chapel. In the film, Barrett's portrayal of Chapel was partly based on the description of the character from the Writers'/Directors' Guide for Phase II. (The Making of Star Trek: The Motion Picture, p. 119) Her appearance in The Motion Picture is in keeping with the fact that long hairstyles were disallowed in that film. (The Making of Star Trek, p. 142) However, Majel Barrett had qualms about her appearance as Chapel in The Motion Picture, confessing, "I really didn't consider my work in the first one to be that great an experience." (Starlog #116)

In the script for Star Trek IV: The Voyage Home, Chapel is described as a "Starfleet Medical Officer whose history in Star Trek is known to all." The same script features her in a short, ultimately excised scene. Set in the Federation Council Chamber, the scene details Commander Chapel meeting with Sarek upon his arrival there. She thanks him for coming but admits to being unsure whether he is too late to testify at the then-ongoing trial of Admiral Kirk and the senior crew of the Enterprise. [3] Noted Majel Barrett, "I just had a couple of lines with Sarek, so it was really nothing of consequence." However, Barrett also considered that this scene would have been her "only real scene" in the movie. Chapel's role in Star Trek IV is so minimal that Barrett hypothesized, "If no one had called me Commander Chapel, the audience wouldn't really know that I was there." Longing to have more involvement in Star Trek, she proclaimed, "Somewhere Chapel got lost." On the other hand, Barrett also related about her brief inclusion in Star Trek IV, "I am grateful for having been in it after not being in Star Trek II or III [....] I loved it, I had such a great time." (Starlog #116)

Simon and Schuster's officially licensed Star Trek: Starship Creator interactive software, written by production staffer Michael Okuda, lists some supplemental biographical details on Chapel. It mentions she is the child of Lauren Chapel and Patterson Chapel of New Orleans, Louisiana, Earth, and has an interest in ballet. Other information includes a birth date in 2237, Starfleet Medical Academy Nursing Degree in 2266, and doctorate by the 2270s. She graduated in the 98th percentile of her class, with degrees in bioresearch, medical archeology, and endocrinology. It assigns her original rank as a "brevet" (or provisional) ensign, and states that she rose to become the director of Starfleet Emergency Operations by the time of her Star Trek IV appearance.

Apocrypha Edit

Chapel appears in Vonda N. McIntyre's novelization of Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan. She is still serving on the Enterprise in 2285, and is present during Saavik's Kobayashi Maru test.

In Peter David's New Frontier novel Renaissance, Scotty mistakes one of the characters, Morgan Primus, the mother of Robin Lefler, as "Christine". It was also suggested in that series that Primus was actually Christopher Pike's "Number One". This mistaken identification was a joke referring to the fact that both roles were played by the same actress.

Dr. Chapel was also seen as the chief medical officer aboard the USS Excelsior in the novel The Sundered.

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