Chapman could refer to:
- Admiral Chapman, a Starfleet officer in the late 24th century
- Professor Chapman, an instructor at Starfleet Academy in the 2360s
- William Chapman, an officer aboard USS Voyager
- Lanei Chapman, the actress who portrayed Ensign Sariel Rager
- Chapman (actor), a child actor in TNG "New Ground"
- Chapman/Leonard Studio Equipment, a company that provides camera crane equipment