(written from a Production point of view)
Bob Ringwood (born 1946) is an Academy Award-nominated English costume designer of Hollywood films, including Star Trek Nemesis. He received a Saturn Award nomination (his tenth) for his work on this film. Before he designed for films, he spent fourteen years working in theater.
Ringwood's earliest film credits were two films featuring Nemesis star Patrick Stewart: the 1981 medieval fantasy Excalibur and the 1984 adaptation of Frank Herbert's Dune. This latter film also starred Brad Dourif, Virginia Madsen, and Dean Stockwell. Ringwood won Saturn Awards for his designs on both of these movies. After films such as Santa Claus (1985) and Prick Up Your Ears (1987, featuring Wallace Shawn), Ringwood earned his first Academy Award nomination for Best Costume Design for his work on Steven Spielberg's 1987 film, Empire of the Sun.
Afterward, Ringwood designed the costumes for the first three Batman films (1989's Batman, 1992's Batman Returns, and 1995's Batman Forever). Other films he worked on during the 1990s include Alien³ (1992), Demolition Man (1993, featuring Bill Cobbs and Bob Gunton), The Shadow (1994, whose cast includes Ethan Phillips), and Alien: Resurrection (1997, starring Brad Dourif, Leland Orser, and Ron Perlman). He earned Saturn Award nominations for all seven of these films.
Ringwood served as a costume consultant on Bryan Singer's 2000 blockbuster hit X-Men, the third film he worked on featuring Patrick Stewart (Famke Janssen and Bruce Davison also starred). Ringwood later created costumes for Spielberg's A.I. Artificial Intelligence and the John Logan-written adaptation of The Time Machine prior to his work on Nemesis. Most recently, Ringwood designed the costumes for the 2004 epic Troy, for which he received his second Academy Award nomination.
In addition to his Academy Award and Saturn Award nominations, Ringwood received BAFTA (British Academy of Film and Television Arts) Awards for Excalibur, Empire of the Sun, and Batman.