The Baikonur Cosmodrome, in Kazakhstan, USSR on Earth was an OCC and Federation shipyard.
On November 27th, 2123, the OCC starship SS Mariposa (NAR-7678) was launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome. (TNG: "Up The Long Ladder", display graphic)
In 2363, on stardate 40291.7, the SS Tsiolkovsky (NCC-53911) was commissioned at the Baikonur Cosmodrome. (TNG: "The Naked Now", set artwork)
In the real world, Sputnik and Vostok 1 were also launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome, though this fact was not mentioned on screen in the episodes where they appeared.