(written from a Production point of view)
Aluminum Model Toys (AMT) was the original producer of Star Trek model kits and acquired the license in 1966, shortly after the premiere of the original series. This licensing deal was brokered between Gene Roddenberry and Stephen Edward Poe, an employee of an advertising firm which had been retained by AMT for marketing and communications purposes.
|1977-1981 (outside US)|
|2010 (Japan only)|
Michigan-based AMT started out in 1948 as a manufacturer of model cars and trucks, both as model kits and as finished display pieces made for marketing purposes. Model kits became the company's core product line in the mid-1960s and Star Trek models were the company's first foray into producing products other than automobile and truck kits. In a reflection of this, AMT needed a company to build both full-scale and scaled automobile mock-ups (typically out of wood at the time) to promotional ends, as well as to manufacture the templates or masters in order to construct the molds from which the parts for their model kits were extracted or cast. To this end they asked Gene Winfield to start and head a subsidiary company, Speed and Custom Division Shop. Set up in Phoenix Arizona, Speed & Custom Shop, the more commonly used abbreviation, started operations in 1966.
AMT ended its existence as an independent company in 1977 when it was acquired by Lesney Products, the owner of Matchbox. In 1981, the die-cast toy and model kit manufacturer Ertl Company acquired AMT from Lesney and established the AMT/Ertl brand and logo in 1982.
The AMT/Ertl brand came to an end in 1999 when the company was acquired by Racing Champions, now known as RC2 Corporation. The combined company was then re-branded as Racing Champions/ERTL. However, the acquiring company was traditionally a toy and die-cast model manufacturing company, and had no affinity with model kits, the production of which virtually halted after AMT/Ertl was taken over. The company redefined its mission in 2003 and AMT/Ertl was split into its original components, ERTL originally being a die-cast model manufacturer. In 2007, AMT was sold to Round 2 LLC, its current owner.
Since then, after the virtual hiatus of nearly a decade, AMT model kits were again released on a regular basis, though the majority of them are actually re-releases of previously released kits, with relatively few newly conceived kits sprinkled in.
Star Trek associationEdit
AMT was given the rights in 1966 to produce models based on the show in exchange for helping out Desilu Studios with the construction of set pieces when needed. Stephen Poe was instrumental in brokering the deal, who in return was also was given free access to the studio lot which eventually resulted in the book The Making of Star Trek. The details of the deal were negotiated by Ed Pearlstein of Desilu and Don Beebe of AMT, and closed successfully on 1 August 1966, starting the decades-long association between the franchise and the model kit company. For Producer Robert Justman, this was a godsend as the production costs for the upcoming episode "The Galileo Seven" were spiraling out of control, as he stated in a memo he sent Roddenberry, evidently relieved, "'[Pearlstein] has made what I consider a very advantageous deal and has accomplished this at a time when everyone thought all was lost." (These Are the Voyages: TOS Season One, p. 304) Through their subsidiary at the time, Speed & Custom Shop, AMT was called upon to construct the studio model of the Galileo Class F shuttlecraft as well as the full scale interior and exterior mock-ups. Also produced at the Speedshop was the studio model of the Klingon D7-class, which originated from the desire of AMT to do a follow-up of the very successful USS Enterprise model kit - over a million copies sold at that time according to Matt Jefferies (Star Trek: The Magazine Volume 2, Issue 9, p. 66). Specifically designed for AMT by Jefferies, one of the two solid wooden "master tooling models" (templates for the molds from which the production model kits were to be cast) fabricated, was immediately appropriated by the studio (struggling at the time with severe budget cuts) for use as filming model in the third season of Star Trek: The Original Series, betraying its origin as a master for model kit manufacturing by not having internal lighting rig. The Enterprise and D7 model kits were the only model kits released while the series was still running, before its cancellation in 1969. As the series began to pick up popularity in syndication, AMT, starting in the early 1970s, resumed further expansion of their Star Trek model kit line by releasing versions of Romulan Bird-of-Prey, a model of Spock, the Galileo shuttlecraft, a standard exploration set (communicator, phaser, and tricorder), the bridge, and Deep Space Station K-7.
During the period 1966-1972, AMT chose not to license the Star Trek name outside of the US. During that period, Aurora, another noted model kit company, leased AMT's molds and released the models outside of the US. Though the molds were the same and even the packaging was, besides the imprint, virtually identical, legally, Aurora's releases of the four models were not associated with AMT. The Spock figure kit originated from Aurora but a reciprocal leasing agreement gave AMT the exclusive rights to release the figure in the US. AMT bought the Spock figure's tooling from Aurora in 1976.
The company retained the license through the 1970s, and, at the time owned by Lesney (1977-1981), eventually produced kits for Star Trek: The Motion Picture. In 1981, the company was bought by Ertl, becoming AMT/Ertl. In 1984, after having renegotiated the license the previous year, the new combination began releasing Star Trek model kits, starting with reissues of some of the previously marketed kits under a new numbering system. The company began a true expansion of their Star Trek line with kits based on Star Trek: The Next Generation. Star Trek: Deep Space Nine models followed in the 1990s, as well as more ships from the subsequent eight motion pictures. The company did not acquire the license for Star Trek: Voyager, which went to Revell-Monogram. The last new kits were released by 1999. Later that year the company was acquired by Racing Champions.
Releases of Star Trek model kits went dormant as the new parent company was trying to decide in what direction it would evolve. A half hearted attempt to revive the line occurred when re-releases were announced, of which only four were marketed in 2005 under its original brand "AMT/Ertl", though the company by that time was already split up in its two original components. Those four kits were the only releases of the AMT line that were marketed in eight years. However, in 2007, AMT changed hands yet again, this time acquired by Round 2 under whose ownership AMT (sporting the original imprint of AMT) started the run of re-releases in 2008 with a commemorative edition of its very first Enterprise model kit - (though the Enterprise kit was not a reissue of the original kit, but was instead a reissue of the model from much later renditions of the tooling, and was substantially different from the original AMT Enterprise model from 1966.)
For reasons, as of yet undisclosed, Round 2 sub-licenced in 2010 the manufacture of four former AMT/Ertl Star Trek model kits, representing the Enterprise's B through E, as limited editions for the Japanese market only, to model kit company Platz Co., Ltd.. The four kits eventually produced, were that year marketed as "Platz-AMT/ERTL" products, and were, remarkably, released prior to AMT/Round 2's own re-issues that started one year later. To date, Platz has been the only company that has been given an international model kit sub-license, as Round 2 LLC administers the international marketing of their products themselves.
Star Trek releasesEdit
|Star Ship Model Kits|
|USS Enterprise||AMT||1:650||1966||S921||Issued with rudimentary lighting option|
|1968||S951||Re-tooled and renumbered; new box; enhanced lighting option; varying plastic colors were used|
|1973||New box art; enhanced decal sheet (sister ships)|
|1975||New box format; re-tooled; no lighting option from this issue onward|
|AMT/Lesney||1979||PK5102||European reissue of S951; Matchbox imprint "Yellow Crown Range"|
|AMT/Ertl||1984||6676||Reissue under new numbering scheme; logo not yet adjusted but slightly adjusted box art to reflect new ownership|
|1989||Reissue, new horizontal format box|
|1:500||1996||8790||"Cut-away" version; option to have the model built as "open" or "closed "; scale on box erroneously stated as 1:650|
|AMT/Round2||1:650||2008||AMT609||Limited edition (1701 pieces); Reissue of S921; Tin box with art print|
|AMT610||"Legacy" reissue of S921 in 1966-style packaging|
|2009||AMT640||Reissue of AMT609, cast in blue plastic|
|2011||AMT695||Includes 2 in-scale Tholian web-spinners; Includes USS Defiant (NCC-1764) decals; cast in phosphorescent plastic|
|Klingon D7-class Battle cruiser||AMT||1:650||1968||S952||Issued with lighting option|
|1975||New boxformat; no lighting option from this issue onward|
|AMT/Ertl||1991||6743||25th Anniversary reissue with new stand; labeled as "Original Edition Klingon Cruiser"|
|AMT/Round 2||2011||AMT699||Collector's edition; re-issue of S952; tin box with poster box-art; cast in light-green with chrome parts|
|AMT720||Re-issue of S952; cast in light-green with chrome parts; new decal sheet|
|Galileo 7 Shuttlecraft||AMT||1:35||1974||S595|
|AMT/Ertl||1991||6743||25th Anniversary reissue with new decals, horizontal format box, and retooling of windows|
|Exploration Set||AMT||1:2||1974||S598||Comprises phaser, tricorder and communicator|
|USS Enterprise Bridge||AMT||1:35||1975||S950||Included scale figures of Kirk, Spock and Sulu|
|AMT/Ertl||1991||6007||25th Anniversary reissue with new decals and retooling of figures|
|AMT/Round 2||2013||AMT808||With additional wall panel to complete bridge, and parts to compose 6 characters|
|AMT/Lesney||1979||PK5106||European reissue of S957 as "Romulan Space Ship"; Matchbox imprint "Yellow Crown Range"|
|AMT/Round2||2011||AMT665||Re-issue op S957, 1975 style packaging|
|AMT666||Collector's edition; re-issue of S957; tin box with poster box-art|
|Space Station K-7||AMT||1:7600||1975||S955||Included small, in-scale model of the USS Enterprise|
|AMT/Lesney||1979||PK5105||European reissue of S955; Matchbox imprint "Yellow Crown Range"|
|AMT/Round2||2010||AMT644||Reissue of S955 in 1976-style packaging|
|AMT645||Collector's edition; reissue of S955; tin box with Tribble|
|USS Enterprise-A (or Refit)||AMT/Lesney||1:537||1980||S970||Star Trek: The Motion Picture imprint|
|PK5110||European release; different box art; Matchbox imprint "Yellow Crown Range"|
|AMT/Ertl||1984||6675||Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan imprint|
|1985||Star Trek III: The Search for Spock imprint|
|1987||6693||Star Trek IV: The Voyage Home imprint|
|1989||6693||Star Trek V: The Final Frontier imprint; included a shuttlecraft at 1:230 scale|
|1991||6959||With lights and sound effects|
|1992||8617||Star Trek VI: The Undiscovered Country imprint; reissue of 6693; limited to 5,000 pieces; included Galoob's Enterprise-D toy|
|Klingon K't'inga-class Battle cruiser||AMT/Lesney||1:537||1980||S971||Released only as "Klingon Cruiser"|
|PK5111||European release; different box art; Matchbox imprint "Yellow Crown Range"|
|AMT/Ertl||1985||6682||Star Trek: The Motion Picture imprint|
|1992||8229||Star Trek VI: The Undiscovered Country imprint|
|AMT/Round2||2012||AMT794||First re-issue of the model in twenty years|
|PK5112||European release; different box art; Matchbox imprint "Yellow Crown Range"|
|AMT/Ertl||1984||6679||Star Trek: The Motion Picture imprint; reissue under new numbering scheme|
|1985||Star Trek III: The Search for Spock imprint, though the model never appeared in that film|
|AMT/Round2||2009||AMT641||Improved release, with magnetic attachment and revised detailing|
|1995||8772||Contains fiber optic lighting|
|8793||Star Trek Generations imprint|
|1996||8400||"Plus Pack"; contains glue, paint and brush|
|AMT/Ertl-Platz||2010||GDS8138||Sub-licensed Japanese reissue; improved decal sheet|
|AMT/Round2||AMT656||"Special Edition"; cast in transparent styrene for lighting purposes; replacement release for announced but canceled kit AMT643 which was an intended re-issue of 6619; Two issues in 2010, each which different box-art|
|Klingon Vor'cha-class Battle cruiser||AMT/Ertl||1:1400||1992||6812|
|Runabout USS Rio Grande||AMT/Ertl||1:72||1993||6741|
|USS Excelsior/USS Enterprise-B||AMT/Ertl||1:1000||1994||6630|
|1995||8761||Star Trek Generations imprint; retooling of 6630|
|AMT/Ertl-Platz||2010||GDS8136||Sub-licensed Japanese reissue; improved decal sheet|
|Deep Space 9 Space Station||AMT/Ertl||1:3300||1994||8778|
|1995||8764||Includes fiber optic lighting|
|AMT/Round2||2012||AMT751||New decal sheet; cast in clear plastic for lighting purposes; includes 1:2500 USS Defiant model|
|Klingon Bird-of-Prey||AMT/Ertl||1:350||1995||8230||Star Trek Generations imprint|
|1997||6339||Includes "Flight Display" base, transparent mount for floating in mid-air appearance|
|unknown||"Plus Pack"; contains glue, paint and brush|
|AMT/RC2||2005||38389||Presented as B'rel-class|
|AMT/Round2||2011||AMT664||Improved tooling; includes optional landing gear|
|AMT/Round2||2011||AMT667||Re-issue 8766; improved tooling|
|2012||AMT714||Limited "Clear Edition"; cast in transparent plastic for lighting purposes|
|1997||8398||"Plus Pack"; contains glue, paint and brush|
|Cardassian Galor-class Ship||AMT/Ertl||1:750||1996||8324|
|1999||30065||Star Trek: Insurrection imprint|
|AMT/Ertl-Platz||2010||GDS8139||Sub-licensed Japanese reissue; improved decal sheet|
|AMT/Round2||2009||AMT613||Reissue of 6326|
|1:1400||2013||AMT853||Cover art by John Eaves|
|USS Enterprise-C/USS Yamaguchi||AMT/Ertl||1:1400||1999||8001|
|30065||"Pro Shop""; cast in clear plastic; featuring lighting rig|
|AMT/Ertl-Platz||2010||GDS8137||Sub-licensed Japanese reissue; improved decal sheet|
|1:1400||2011||AMT721||Reissue 8001; with battle damage decals|
|Romulan Warbird||AMT/Round2||1:3200||2012||AMT753||Reissue of one piece from kit 6858; new decal sheet|
|Multi-Piece Star Ship Model Kit Sets|
| 3-Piece Space Ship Set|
Contains the USS Enterprise, Klingon D7 Battle cruiser, Romulan Bird of Prey
|AMT||1:1600||1975||S953||First 'mini kit'; contains in-scale models|
|AMT/Ertl||1984||6677||Reissue under new numbering scheme|
|1989||Reissue with new packaging|
| 3-Piece Star Ship Set|
Contains the USS Enterprise NCC-1701, NCC-1701-A, NCC-1701-D
|1991||6005||25th Anniversary chrome plated edition|
|1995||8787||Includes "Flight Display" base, transparent mount for floating in mid-air appearance|
|AMT/RC2||2005||38387||Reissue under new numbering scheme|
| 3-Piece Star Ship Set|
"Adversary Set" containing Romulan Warbird (1:3200), Klingon Bird of Prey (1:1400) and Ferengi Marauder (1:3700)
|AMT/Ertl||Multiple||1989||6858||First issue of the "Bird of Prey" (with movable wings); only issue of the Ferengi Marauder until 2012|
|AMT/RC2||2005||38390||Reissue under new numbering scheme|
|3-Piece Star Ship Set|
"Legendary Space Encounter" contains the USS Enterprise and two D7-class Klingon Battle cruisers
|AMT/Ertl||1:2200||1996||8254||Featuring fiber optic display, and episode audio clips from TOS: "The Enterprise Incident"|
| 3-Piece Star Ship Set|
Contains the USS Enterprise NCC-1701-B, NCC-1701-C, NCC-1701-E
|AMT/RC2||2005||38388||Reissue under new numbering scheme|
|3-Piece Star Ship Set|
Contains the USS Enterprise NCC-1701, NCC-1701-A and NCC-1701-B
|2-Piece Adversary Set|
Contains "Klingon Bird of Prey" (with movable wings) and "Ferengi Marauder"
|2012||AMT752||Reissue of two pieces from kit6858; new decal sheet|
|3-piece Star Trek: The Motion Picture Set|
Contains K't'inga-class, USS Reliant, refit-USS Enterprise
|1:2500||AMT762||"Cadet Series", new toolings K't'inga-class and USS Reliant|
|3-piece Star Trek: The Original Series Set|
Contains D7-class, Romulan Bird-of-Prey, USS Enterprise/original
|AMT/Round2||1:2500||2013||AMT763||"Cadet Series", new toolings D7-class and Romulan Bird-of-Prey|
|Figure Model Kits|
|Mr. Spock||AMT||1:12||1974||S956||US market release; use of Aurora's set of molds|
|1975||Reissue; new box format|
|AMT/Lesney||1980||S973||US-only retooled version of S956, adjusted for The Motion Picture|
|AMT/Round2||1:12||2009||AMT624||Collector's edition; Reissue of S956; Tin box with art print|
|AMT625||Reissue of S956 in 1974-style packaging|
|2013||AMT810||Lunch box tin edition with art print and bonus sticker|
|Captain James T. Kirk||AMT/Ertl||1:6||1994||8773||Vinyl Kit|
|Doctor Leonard McCoy||8774||Vinyl kit|
|Collector's Gift Set||8761||Containing 8773, 8774 and 8777|
|Chief Engineer Mr. Scott||8777||Vinyl kit|
- The USS Constellation as seen in TOS: "The Doomsday Machine" is an AMT model kit, nr. S921, appropriately battle-damaged. The ship was given the registry NCC-1017, mostly because it was simple to rearrange the model's decal sheet and was the first time the reciprocal arrangement between AMT and the studio panned out in one of AMT's model kits showing up on screen.
- The USS Enterprise as seen in TOS: "The Trouble with Tribbles" was another AMT kit, seen in Lurry's office window and orbiting the far side of Deep Space Station K-7.
- Industrial Light & Magic made use of a number of kits, no.S970, to construct custom-made smaller sized studio models of the refit-Enterprise and USS Reliant, both appearing for the first time in Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan.
- AMT/Ertl models often appeared as set dressings during the first few seasons of Star Trek: The Next Generation, including the Enterprise-A and an appraisal prototype of the USS Enterprise-D itself.
- Rick Sternbach and Andrew Probert created the Constellation-class NCC-7100 study model from two Enterprise-A kits and various other parts.
- AMT/Ertl models were used for several "kitbashed" starships from TNG and DS9. Parts from the Enterprise-D models were incorporated into the wrecked ships seen in TNG: "The Best of Both Worlds, Part II" and the Nebula-class study model seen in TNG: "Future Imperfect" and "The Wounded". Many background ships seen during the Dominion War saga used parts from AMT/Ertl and Revell-Monogram model kits, specifically the Enterprise-A, the USS Excelsior, the USS Reliant, the runabout, the Maquis raider and the USS Voyager most notably in the episode DS9: "A Time to Stand".
- The AMT model of the original Enterprise was released many times over nearly thirty years. One of these models was built by future producer Ronald D. Moore when he was young. It ended up as a set decoration in James T. Kirk's crew quarters during Star Trek VI: The Undiscovered Country.
- Parts of AMT model kits were sometimes used by Visual Effects houses to embellish their professional studio models. An early example is the use of a warp nacelle from the Romulan warbird model kit and two nacelle caps of the USS Enterprise-D model kit used as features underneath Industrial Light & Magic's SD-103 type studio model in The Undiscovered Country. 
|AMT/Ertl 30th Anniversary bonus posters|
- On the occasion of the 30th Anniversary AMT/Ertl commissioned the production of two cutaway posters of the USS Enterprise-A and USS Enterprise-D and inserted those in their 1995-1996 model kit issues as a bonus. Which one was included was indicated by a sticker on the packaging. The artwork was done by C. Bruce Morser. As with the Sci-Pub Tech publications, the cutaway posters are not considered canon.
- A medical device used by Julian Bashir in DS9: "Visionary" was an other warp nacelle from the Romulan warbird model kit. Coincidentally, the Romulans were the main adversaries in the episode.
- Most of the gold models in the display cases in the USS Enterprise-E conference lounge, featured in Star Trek: First Contact and Star Trek Nemesis were gold plated, resin-reinforced AMT/Ertl models, built by John Eaves.
- Set decorator James Mees used a colorfully repainted Hallmark "Keepsake" USS Voyager and a Klingon Bird-of-Prey for Miral Paris' baby crib mobile in VOY: "Prophecy". The mobile's Klingon D7 class battle cruiser was made from a small plastic model from the AMT Star Trek 3-Piece Space Ship Set.
The Leif EricsonEdit
In 1974 AMT included a Interplanetary U.F.O. Mystery Ship into the Star Trek line, thereby suggesting that the design was part of the Star Trek universe, though it was not, its combined advertising on the box sides, pamphlets and catalogues of the time notwithstanding. It did have however, had some behind-the-scenes connections. Firstly, the U.F.O. Mystery Ship was originally designed as the Leif Ericson by Matt Jefferies (with the forward bridge module having more than a passing resemblance of the conning tower of the SS Botany Bay) for an abandoned Sci-Fi project named, "Strategic Space Command.". The concept was thought up by Jefferies together with his friend Stephen Edward Poe. wbm AMT's idea behind backing the project was–buoyed on by the success of their first Star Trek model kits–to release a series of Sci-Fi kits accompanied by a worked-out "mini" background story and eventually create a Strategic Space Command universe, beefed out with an accompanying line of model kits . AMT eventually released the model in 1968 as kit No.S954. The original kit was considered a commercial failure and the project fell apart.
Secondly, according to Michael Okuda the design, being a Jefferies design, was seriously considered to be part of the Star Trek universe, when it was briefly considered to make an appearance in Star Trek: The Animated Series, already showing up in several preliminary story boards . In a ploy to recuperate their investments, AMT re-released the model kit twice, now designated Interplanetary U.F.O. Mystery Ship, molded in phosphorscent plastic to achieve a glow-in-the-dark effect. The first re-release was an attempt to marry the ship into the Star Trek franchise through combined advertising, and was timed to coincide with the airing of the The Animated Series, though its appearance there never came to fruition. Still, AMT's latest owner, Round 2 LLC, opted to re-release the the kit, starting in 2009 with the 1975-issue as a retro edition.
Additionally, according to Doug Drexler, the design of the Leif Ericson was a co-influence on the design of the SS Conestoga, "The Conestoga is a colony transport ship with a slight design echo of the old DY-100, Greg Jein’s Star Trek Chronology ship, the Valiant, and the Poe\Jefferies Lief [sic.] Erickson." wbm
|Leif Ericson aka U.F.O. Mystery Ship||AMT||1:500||1968||S954||Design for abandoned "Strategic Space Command"-project|
|1974||S960||Reissue; cast in glow material|
|1976||Reissue; new boxart|
|AMT/Round2||2009||AMT622||Commemorative glow reissue S960|
|2011||AMT698||Commemorative non-glow reissue S954|