Aldebaran was the primary of the inhabited Aldebaran system. The system was located less than 90 light years from the Sol system. This star was located in the region between Sector 184/02 to Sector 185/138, which was located in proximity to the Ficus sector. (TNG: "Up The Long Ladder", okudagram; ENT: "Two Days and Two Nights")
The Aldebaran mud leech, the Aldebaran serpent, Aldebaran whiskey, Aldebaran shellmouth, and Aldebaran drum sets originated from this system. (TOS: "Amok Time"; TNG: "Hide and Q", "Relics"; ENT: "Anomaly", "Zero Hour")
In 2293, the location of Aldebaran in the Milky Way Galaxy was labeled in a star chart that was in Captain James T. Kirk's quarters aboard the USS Enterprise-A. (Star Trek VI: The Undiscovered Country, okudagram)
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Background information Edit
In "Two Days and Two Nights", the NX-class Enterprise, set a milestone sixteen years after the New Zealand's mission, by becoming the first Earth ship to travel 90 light years away from the Sol system.
According to Star Trek: Star Charts (pg. 60), Aldebaran (Alpha Tauri) was a quadrinary star system. Aldebaran A was a K-class star with a magnitude of -1, which was a hundred times brighter than Sol. Aldebaran B and C were K-class stars and Aldebaran D was an M-class star.